Sunday, November 10, 2019

Theo Georgiades

Dramatic irony is a feature of many plays. It occurs when the development of the plot allows the audience to have more insight about what is happening than some of the characters themselves. Iago is the source of much of the dramatic irony in Othello, informing the audience of his intentions. Characters may also speak in a dramatically ironic way, saying something that points to events to come without understanding the significance of their words. The opening scene is laced with dramatic irony, all of which centres on Iago. Roderigo fails to see that a man who admits he is a self-serving conman – â€Å"I am not what I am† – might also be fooling him, and Brabantio is unaware of the aptness of his line â€Å"Thou art a villain†. Iago has exposed himself very early and we watch fascinated as he manipulates others. In Act I, Scene III, we almost admire Othello's â€Å"free and open nature†, as Shakespeare states, but we are worried that Othello is gullible enough to be taken for a ride. His choice to place his wife in Iago's care is frightening, although it shows his high opinions of him. We are given two menacing hints about the future progress of Othello's marriage when the senators leave; Brabantio warns Othello against trusting Desdemona, while the first senator tells Othello to â€Å"use Desdemona well†. These lines are examples of dramatic irony; hints to the audience about the way the plot will develop. In Act III, Scene III, Othello is under pressure from the moment he enters. He is able to order his wife, although he seems nervous throughout his dialogue with her at the start of the scene. There is acknowledgment in his line â€Å"I will deny thee nothing†, as we are very well aware that this line is very true. We might feel that Othello is already on the threshold of disaster, even before Iago's words get to him properly. As Desdemona leaves Othello says â€Å"Excellent wretch [†¦] come again† (see lines III.3.90-2). These lines suggest that Othello will be completely lost if his love is shattered. Note the two words in these lines that hint at the trouble to come: â€Å"perdition† and â€Å"chaos†. The audience will be aware of the dramatic irony of these lines. Also found in Act III; Scene IV is packed with dramatic irony. This sad scene focuses on Desdemona. Emilia's purpose in this scene is to remark on what she sees and hears. She introduces the subject of Othello's jealousy, enabling us to value just how much naive confidence Desdemona has in her husband. We quickly learn that we can rely on her judgement; Emilia accurately guesses that it is jealous thoughts which trouble Othello. Emilia is also intelligent in her description of jealousy; â€Å"It is a monster/Begot upon itself, born on itself†. Later on in the play we will see the excellence of these words. Shakespeare fills this scene with examples of alarming dramatic irony, for example Desdemona's words at lines 25-9 and 30-1. In spite of the fact that she lies to her husband about the loss of the handkerchief, we are likely to feel much sympathy for Desdemona. She does not appreciate the danger she is in, signified by her words at line 30 and is alarmed by her husband's description of the handkerchief and his repeated requests to see it. Shakespeare's play Othello is a play where dramatic irony prevails practically everywhere. The audience is not just an observer, but a kind of judge one might say, having enough information to evaluate the significance of certain words stated by characters that are none the wiser; and can therefore sit back and enjoy the art in the villain's skills aswell the excellence of Shakespeare at play.

Friday, November 8, 2019

Benefits Of Creating Park In Heart Of Gainesville Tourism Essay Essays

Benefits Of Creating Park In Heart Of Gainesville Tourism Essay Essays Benefits Of Creating Park In Heart Of Gainesville Tourism Essay Essay Benefits Of Creating Park In Heart Of Gainesville Tourism Essay Essay The land on the corner of University Ave. and 13th Street is located in the bosom of Gainesville. For this ground, a park should be created here, instead than an flat composite. After a great trade of research, we have concluded that parks non merely advance healthy and active life styles for immature and old alike, but they besides serve to better the quality of life for a metropolis s public, every bit good as addition belongings value of nearby abodes. City Parkss are a really of import portion of a metropolis for legion grounds. One of these grounds is the money the metropolis can derive from the park. The park can non merely pay for itself after it is complete, but besides derive even more gross for the metropolis. This excess money could assist greatly increase the quality of life for citizens of Gainesville in legion ways. Anne Shwartz, a author for the Gotham Gazette, discusses a survey conducted in 2003 by Ernst A ; Young and New Yorkers for Parks. They conducted instance surveies for six different Parkss in New York City, and used informations from 30 other Parkss for their decisions. The survey found that belongings values in closer locality of the Parkss that were clean and good maintained were by and large greater than those farther off. Shwartz states that a 2008 analysis of the Hudson River Park showed that upon completion of a subdivision of the park, existent estate monetary values escalated in the nearest two blocks by approximately 20 per centum. Shwartz besides discusses the Central Park Effect, which was originated by the Appleseed for the Central Park Conservancy. There are 25 million visitants in Central Park per twelvemonth, of which one-fifth semen from outside the metropolis. This does nt merely increase the belongings values around the metropolis, but it besides generated $ 656 million in grosss for the metropolis in 2007. ( Shwartz, 2009 ) Harnik and Welle conducted a survey and wrote their determination in Measuring the Economic Value of a City Park System. In this survey, they looked at seven different ways that the Parkss provide economic benefits for the metropolis. One of the ways is increased belongings values closest to the Parkss and how that benefits the metropolis through revenue enhancements paid. They conducted a survey of the Parkss in Washington D.C. Their findings can be seen in Table 1 below. ( Harnik, Welle, 2006 ) Table 1 shows that a metropolis has a batch to derive from higher belongings revenue enhancements placed on abodes around Parkss. As stated before, values of the belongingss in the locality of parks addition. This means that the metropolis will derive more money from the belongings revenue enhancements placed on these belongingss. This money can be really good for the metropolis and can in bend be used to fund new educational plans for pupils, better the local substructure, and more. Harnik and Welle besides discuss the benefits coming from the direct usage of Parkss. They conducted a telephone study to gauge the money spent by every twenty-four hours visitants to parks in Boston. Their findings can be seen in Table 2, below. Table 2 ( Harnik, Welle, 2006 ) Table 2 shows the pecuniary addition for the metropolis from its usage by people. They split the activities people may execute in Parkss into three different subdivisions. Each type has a different mean value per visit. The information tabular array shows that over 350 million dollars were spent in the Parks. Since the survey was conducted in Boston, the existent amount of money for the direct usage of a park for Gainesville would be much less overall, since it is a much smaller metropolis. However, this money would still be really good to the metropolis. Harnik and Welle eventually discussed the pollution remotion value of Parkss. In a clip where great accent is placed on traveling green and working towards cleaning up the environment, the creative activity of a new park in Gainesville would be an highly welcome add-on to the cause. The leaf in the park will free the air of some pollution and do the metropolis a much cleansing agent and better topographic point to populate. As the junction of University Avenue and 13th Street is one of the busier intersections in Gainesville, the inclusion of a park on its northwest corner could be immeasurably advantageous. Harnik and Welle calculated the pecuniary payback of an environmentally friendly park, whose findings are displayed in Table 3. Table 3 ( Harnik, Welle, 2006 ) Table 3, above, shows that the values of the pollutants removed from Washington D.C. Parks is calculated to be over 19 million dollars. The fact that parks take air pollutants entirely is of great benefit to the metropolis, but its fiscal impact may be even greater. The investing that has to be put into making the park is much less than the benefits that the metropolis will derive from this. The metropolis will be much cleaner and will salvage money for it, and it will be able to set that money into good usage to greatly better the life of the citizens of Gainesville. Overall, Gainesville will be better off from both a wellness and a financial point of view if these programs for the creative activity of a new park are put into action. Park Design/Layout When planing the park, we took a figure of elements of art and scientific discipline into consideration to make an efficient and aesthetically delighting recreational country. Through the usage of dark colourss and several cardinal design rules, we achieved what we feel would be a good add-on to the Gainesville community. The affiliated park mock-up designs included in the appendix following the study depict precisely how we ve utilized colour and design rules to make an appealing and attractive park. The first of the cardinal design rules that we adhered to while in the planning phase of the park was balance. In peculiar, we focused our attending on making a symmetrical balance. The way that encircles the park s cardinal lawn was designed to incarnate this indispensable design rule. The arrangement of workss, trees and benches besides reflects our attempts to keep a proportioned sense of equilibrium. In order to decently foreground one of the focal points of the park, the fountain, we took advantage of the rule of passage. Small shrubs border the pavement to the North of the cardinal lawn. These smaller workss finally coincide with much larger trees that wrap around the fountain. The consequence helps to direct the spectator s oculus to the centre of the agreement, where the fountain lies. By following the rule of proportion, we were able to settle on a peculiar fountain that would absorb good and would function to heighten the belongings. The trees distributed throughout the park were besides selected based upon size, to guarantee that they were neither excessively big nor excessively little in relation to the park as a whole. Our design squad used repeat to make beat in the park. The perennial usage of similar works life with indistinguishable signifier and colour helps cut down confusion in the park s overall layout and design. In order to avoid making a littered or busy visual aspect in such a little country, it was indispensable to utilize a great trade of repeat. The arrangement of unvarying benches helped the park attain integrity, every bit good. Since the two design rules go hand-in-hand, simpleness was achieved by extinguishing extra and unneeded item. ( Ingram, 1991 ) Rather than confound park-goers perceptual experience with excessively much assortment of item, we elected to cut down the overall design to its simplest, functional signifier. Not merely does this make a more practical recreational country for the citizens of Gainesville to bask, but it besides helps to avoid unneeded cost and care. The concluding rule of park design that we observed is that of attraction. It is indispensable that a park be appealing and ask foring. ( Ingram, 1991 ) Not merely will the park s attraction spruce up an otherwise dull street corner, it has been designed with enduring entreaty in head. Rather than making a seasonal or impermanent park, we have designed one that will be tempting to park departers year-round. Planned with lastingness in head, our design non merely renders a beautiful park, but it besides ensures that any possible hereafter care will non put a dearly-won load on the metropolis of Gainesville. Projection of Long Term Effectss The design of the park was created with occupants of different ages, races, faiths and economic backgrounds in head. Hence, we have projected that the short-run and long-run benefits of this park will impact many persons in the Gainesville community. The park will better the overall quality of life of the community by supplying a merriment, loosen uping and safe topographic point to travel. A park has the ability to make a strong sense of community. This is genuinely important because research has shown that strong sense of community reflects in greater feelings of safety and security and in increased degrees of vote, recycling, assisting others, and volunteering ( Calgary, 2001 ) . Since the park would be located in the bosom of Gainesville this strong sense of community would non merely distribute to the park s nearby occupants but to all of the country s frequent visitants. Constructing a park on 13th Street would be a great manner to make out and act upon the Gainesville community as a whole. In add-on, a park is one of the most cheap and safest diversions available to persons of all ages. The design of the park allows for multiple recreational activities such as jogging on the trails, playing athleticss in the field cardinal field, and loosen uping on the benches. This provides a broad array of amusement options that can be accessed easy and that anyone, irrespective of income, can take part in. Furthermore, a park can hold changing but every bit valuable benefits on different members of the community in which it is built. For case, immature kids can greatly profit from an unfastened environment as it allows them to research freely and see nature around them. Gloria DeGaetano, the laminitis of the Parent Coaching Institute, argues there s an of import theory in early-child instruction called the theory of loose parts, which means that kids need to pull strings things in a 3-dimensional environment to turn their encephalon . Besides, adolescents can be positively affected by holding a topographic point where they can take part in recreational activities and meet others while remaining out of problem. The San Antonio Parks and Recreation Department reported that diversion reduces offense and societal disfunction cut downing constabulary, justness and captivity costs . Finally, the aged can besides profit from this park by holding an appealing topographic point to exert. Statisticss from a survey of local park usage and personal wellness show that The bulk of older park users were physically active during their visit, with over 69 % obtaining moderate or high degrees of physical activity ( Payne, Orsega-Smith, Roy, A ; Godbey, 2002 ) . As Parkss promote physical activity they cut down fleshiness and prevent chronic unwellnesss such as coronary bosom disease and shot. This is particularly true for kids and immature grownups because bar normally starts from an early age. Those who are active when they are immature and acquire in the wont of running and playing have a greater opportunity of staying physically fit and healthy in the hereafter. The consequences of Physical Activity From Childhood to Adulthood: A 21-year Trailing Study support this thought by saying It was concluded that a high degree of physical activity at ages 9 to 18, particularly when uninterrupted, significantly predicted a high degree of big physical activity. Although the correlativities were low or moderate, we consider it of import that school-age physical activity appears to act upon big physical activity, and through it, the public wellness of the general population ( Telama et al. , 2005 ) . Not merely could this park positively affect the overall wellness of the metropolis s occupants, but it could besides salvage them 100s of dollars in medical measures. Table 4, below is besides portion of Harnik, and Welle s survey. Their findings for wellness attention nest eggs were the followers: ( Harnik, Welle, 2006 ) Harmonizing to Table 4, by merely exerting three yearss a hebdomad, active users under 65 saved over 70,000 dollars, and users over 65 saved over 6,000. In entire, physically active users saved themselves near to 20 million dollars more on wellness attention than inactive users did. It is clear, that a park would better the quality of life of those in the Gainesville community. With these short term and long term benefits the occupants of the metropolis will be able to populate happier and healthier lives. Comparative Analysis of Gainesville Parks There are more than 25 Parkss in the metropolis of Gainesville. The five following Parkss are the largest and most frequented Parkss in the metropolis. These Parkss have greatly increased the quality of life in Gainesville. However, there are presently no major Parkss near the vacant belongings on NW 13th Street. ( City of Gainesville Recreation and Parks Department, 2009 ) This belongings would do an first-class add-on to the community. Therefore, a park in this location would be ideal, supplying the citizens of the country a convenient and easy accessible park. This is illustrated in the diagram below. The first image is a map of all the Parkss and installations in Gainesville. The 2nd is a closer expression at NW 13th Street. The ruddy lineation shows NW 13th street and the bluish lineation shows where the majority of the metropolis Parkss are located. Gainesville Facilities Map: Close-up of NW 13th Street: Westside Park Westside Park is a park dedicated to the Gainesville community. It has racquetball tribunals, hoops tribunals, tennis tribunals, five baseball Fieldss, a resort area, and 1.5 stat mis of trails. Westside Park hosts activities for kids and grownups all throughout the twelvemonth. Behind Westside Park, is the Westside Skate Park, which is free to utilize. ( City of Gainesville Recreation and Parks Department, 2008 ) Northside Park Northside Park is home to Gainesville s lone public phonograph record golf class. There are besides four lit tennis tribunals, racquetball tribunals, a resort area and public public toilets. Pavilions are available for events. ( SK Creations, Inc. , 2010 ) Northeast Park Northeast Park was established in 1935 by the Civilian Conservation Corps. Northeast Park presently has baseball Fieldss, tennis tribunals, a resort area and trails. In the hereafter, they want to add a skate park to their installations. ( 10Thumbs Design, 2006 ) Lincoln Park Lincoln Park has two baseball Fieldss, a 440-yard exercise/jogging trail, two hoops tribunals, a resort area and public public toilets. It is located behind Lincoln Middle School. ( City of Gainesville Recreation and Parks Department, 2008 ) T.B. McPherson Park The T.B. McPherson Park is 15 square estates and is place to the T.B. McPherson diversion centre. It excessively has two baseball Fieldss, two hoops tribunals, tennis tribunals, and racquetball tribunals. The diversion centre features a swimming pool and outside, there are many picnic countries near the resort area. ( City of Gainesville Recreation and Parks Department, 2008 ) Detailed Analysis of Gainesville Parks These community Parkss offer a broad assortment of recreational activities for Gainesville occupants of all ages. Harmonizing to the 2008 Citizens Report, The Recreation Division conducts particular plans for young person including ; Thanksgiving and Halloween celebrations, drive-in films, swim meets, the Brain Bowl, Santa s Calling and Get Down Fridays. Organized athletic plans are offered for young person and grownups including hoops, playground ball, volleyball, association football, football and cheerleading. ( Gainesville Communications Office, 2008 ) All of these events are held at local Parkss and some of them are free of charge. Besides stated in the Citizen s Report was a long list of ways Gainesville s Parkss have increased the wellbeing of the community. 2008 high spots include: Served more than 1,500 young person and 2,200 grownups through organized athletic programming runing from Pop Warner cheerleading and hoops to indoor association football and more. Expanded adolescent summer scheduling offered in concurrence with the twenty-first Century grant to T.B. McPherson Held summer and spring interruption plans for 2,224 young person. Began a new adolescent summer plan for young person ages 14-17 at the Northeast Community Center. Expanded senior plans at the Thelma Boltin Center. Participated in the Summer Nutrition Program, supplying 110,000 repasts for young person 18 or younger during the summer months. Enrolled more than 475 in-between school pupils in the Westside, Kanapaha, Ft. Clarke and Eastside Teen Zone plans. This provided community young person with activities and service undertakings, such as sing nursing places and mentoring simple pupils at the Northeast Community Center. Involved about 800 participants in water sports plans, including swim lessons, Jr. Life guarding Camp, SHARKS swim squad, Dive-In Movies and more. Five local childs qualified for the Hershey Track and Field State Meet held in Hialeah, Florida in June. The Heatwave Basketball Program began as a consequence of a city/county partnership to supply athletic chances and life accomplishments developing to country teens functioning 192 teens. Volunteers worked for over 40 hours painting bathrooms and distributing mulch in the Northeast Dog Park. Interns and Field Experience pupils contributed over 5,000 hours of service to the Division. ( Gainesville Communications Office, 2008 ) Having Parkss in the community increases physical activity among kids and grownups. Whether it s playing on the resort area, swimming, take parting in youth conference athleticss, or merely walking the trail, Parkss provide gratifying exercising for all ages. Volunteer work is a large portion of keeping local Parkss and hosting events or activities. Volunteering brings together the whole community towards a good cause. It s besides a local cause, which makes the work important and close to the bosom. It is for this ground that a park does nt be much money to keep one time built. There is no demand to engage day-to-day employees and because the park is outside, there are no public-service corporation costs. The after-school plans, and those such as swimming lessons, provide parents with local options for their kids. Besides, since they are local and run largely by voluntaries, the monetary value is normally sensible and they know their money is traveling right back into the community. Constructing a local park can besides excite the local economic system by making a few occupations for citizens. The park will necessitate some lawn care, for illustration. Besides, the managers and staff of park plans and events will hold occupation chances. All of these factors that parks contribute to the community, significantly increase the quality of life within the community in a manner that will be profitable non merely to the community, but besides to the land proprietor. Therefore, based on the facts in this study and the analysis of environing Parkss, Group Charlie recommends constructing a park that will fulfill the demands of the community that the other Parkss lack. Beginnings: 10Thumbs Design. ( 2006 ) . Northeast park. Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //10thumbs.org/gra/park/index.html Burnap, George. ( 1916 ) . Parks: their design, equipment and usage. Philadelphia: B. Lippincott Company. City of Gainesville Recreation and Parks Department. ( 2008, July 02 ) . Westside park. Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //www.cityofgainesville.org/Portals/0/rec/docs/rc_WestsideRecreation.pdf City of Gainesville Recreation and Parks Department. ( 2008, July 15 ) . Parks matrix. Retrieved from www.cityofgainesville.org/Portals/0/parks/docs/park_matrix.pdf City of Gainesville Recreation and Parks Department. ( 2009, June 01 ) . Gainesville installations. Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //www.cityofgainesville.org/LinkClick.aspx? fileticket=rMUR4XzT % 2BCM % 3D A ; tabid=259 Gainesville Communications Office. ( 2008, December 12 ) . 2008 Citizen. Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //www.cityofgainesville.org/Portals/0/cmo/2008citizensreport-lores.pdf Harnik, P. , A ; Welle, B. ( 2006 ) . Measuring the economic value of a metropolis park system. The Trust for Public Land, Retrieved February 24, 2010 from hypertext transfer protocol: //www.tpl.org/tier3_cd.cfm? content_item_id=22879 A ; folder_id=3208 Ho, Ching-Hua, Laura Payne, Elizabeth Orsega-Smith, and Geoffrey Godbey. Parks, diversion and public wellness: Parkss and diversion better the physical and mental wellness of our state Research Update. N.p. : n.p. , 2003. N. pag. Web. 23 Feb. 2010. lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1145/is_4_38/ai_100960607/ gt ; . Ingram, D.L. ( 1991 ) . Basic rules of landscape design. Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //edis.ifas.ufl.edu/mg086 Karaim, Reed. A new epoch in drama. N.p. : USA Weekend, 2007. Web. 25 Feb. 2010. lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //www.commercialfreechildhood.org/news/anewera.htm gt ; . New Dennis Park. [ Web ] . Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //www.dsni.org/images/comm_econ_power/new_dennis_park.jpg Schwartz, A. ( 2009, June ) . Good Parkss are good for the economic system. Gotham Gazette, Retrieved February 24, 2010 from hypertext transfer protocol: //www.gothamgazette.com/article/parks/20090624/14/2949 Payne, Laura, Elizabeth Orsega-Smith, Mark Roy, and Geoffrey Godbey. Local Park Use and Personal Health Among Older Adults: An Exploratory Study. Vol. 23. N.p. : n.p. , 2005. 1-20. Web. 1 Mar. 2010. lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //www.sagamorepub.com/ebooks/User/IP2005/jpra232/Article1.pdf gt ; . Sense of Community: A Publication from Calgary s Sense of Community Project. N.p. : n.p. , 2001. 1-3. Web. 1 Mar. 2010. lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //www.calgary.ca/docgallery/bu/cns/sense_of_community_flyer.pdf gt ; . SK Creations, Inc. ( 2010 ) . Northside park. Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //www.northsidepark.com/ Measure up to diversion with the San Antonio Parks and Recreation Department. San Antonio: City of San Antonio, 2009. N. pag. Web. 1 Mar. 2010. lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //www.sanantonio.gov/sapar/stepuptorecreation.asp gt ; . Telama, Risto, Xiaoling Yang, Jorma Viikari, IIkka Valimaki, and Olli Wanne. Physical activity from childhood to maturity: A 21-year trailing survey. Vol. 28. N.p. : Elsevier Inc. , 2005. 267-73. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. Web. 1 Mar. 2010. lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //www.ajpm-online.net/article/S0749-3797 % 2804 % 2900339-3/abstract gt ; .

Wednesday, November 6, 2019

Free Essays on George Kennans American Diplomacy

Critiquing American Diplomacy George Kennan’s American Diplomacy provides anyone studying American politics with an accurate glimpse of American ideology, misperception and thought in the first half of the twentieth century. Even though this book is a collection of lectures where there is obvious subjectivity, Kennan successfully displays an objective view on the topics he discusses in the lecture. Kennan’s lecture gives the reader a panoramic view and solid background of American thinking about themselves and the rest of the world, with respect to events leading up to the conflict with the Soviets. As a result, Kennan gives a clearly articulated picture of his thoughts. Kennan explains his ideas in a manner which the average college level student could understand, but does it in a sophisticated manner, which is refreshing. Kennan compares American security ideas to the Roman Empire because Americans had a sense of security and superiority that had not been seen in the world since those times. He compares American ideas and situation in 1950 versus American ideas and situation in 1900 and discusses this from a subjective and objective point of view in order to back up his opinion and present a clear case without discussing the situation at a complete slant, which I think shows how qualified he was to influence American foreign policy because he had every right to speak about things subjectively because he was such an authority and had good insight due to his ability to look at the situation from every perspective, not just the American perspective. I believe Kennan attempting to be as unbiased as possible in this lecture allows him to give anyone reading the book a good chance to develop their own argument, which is a good quality because he is not trying to force his opinion on anyone. â€Å"†¦our national consciousness is dominated at present by a sense of insecurity greater even than that of many people of Western E... Free Essays on George Kennan's American Diplomacy Free Essays on George Kennan's American Diplomacy Critiquing American Diplomacy George Kennan’s American Diplomacy provides anyone studying American politics with an accurate glimpse of American ideology, misperception and thought in the first half of the twentieth century. Even though this book is a collection of lectures where there is obvious subjectivity, Kennan successfully displays an objective view on the topics he discusses in the lecture. Kennan’s lecture gives the reader a panoramic view and solid background of American thinking about themselves and the rest of the world, with respect to events leading up to the conflict with the Soviets. As a result, Kennan gives a clearly articulated picture of his thoughts. Kennan explains his ideas in a manner which the average college level student could understand, but does it in a sophisticated manner, which is refreshing. Kennan compares American security ideas to the Roman Empire because Americans had a sense of security and superiority that had not been seen in the world since those times. He compares American ideas and situation in 1950 versus American ideas and situation in 1900 and discusses this from a subjective and objective point of view in order to back up his opinion and present a clear case without discussing the situation at a complete slant, which I think shows how qualified he was to influence American foreign policy because he had every right to speak about things subjectively because he was such an authority and had good insight due to his ability to look at the situation from every perspective, not just the American perspective. I believe Kennan attempting to be as unbiased as possible in this lecture allows him to give anyone reading the book a good chance to develop their own argument, which is a good quality because he is not trying to force his opinion on anyone. â€Å"†¦our national consciousness is dominated at present by a sense of insecurity greater even than that of many people of Western E...

Monday, November 4, 2019

Project 3 Research Paper Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2750 words

Project 3 Research Paper - Essay Example The different proportions of the ages engaged in the sites coupled with the geographical representation of the popular sites are also looked into. There is also a discussion of how the relation of the youths as a demographic group is affected by the social sites and in this case, the social aspects as well as the ethical and moral turpitude as influenced by the sites are considered. Further to this, the advantages and the disadvantages of the sites to the youths is discussed to give a better understanding on how these sites builds or breaks the social fiber in the society that goes in tandem with the ethical part of the society. The paper also give an explanation of the occurrence of how the society has made a perfect person that is played out in the sites with a conclusion that gives remedy and precautionary measures that should be considered to avert possible negative impacts imminent in the social sites. Introduction With the development of the digital media, the contemporary soci ety enjoys much more features from the digital media than before, today, through the social networking sites, information can be retrieved in seconds; there are millions of information that is relayed second by seconds and all this information reaches those who are in the social networking sites. ... To some extent, digital media that is the social networking sites provides educative and explorative avenues through which users can grow intellectually. We have YouTube that has a plethora of videos captured and that can be down loaded for intellectual enrichment, these videos includes lectures and instructions that can be used by students and specialist to improve their intellectual acumen (Lenhart, 2007). This is not the only provision of the digital media, they can also be a platform for moral decay, and most of the sites are equally not morally upgrading and have been the contributing factor on the moral degradation in the society. It is thus important to sieve and know the digital sites that are good for consumption and those that are not lest you be a slave of those sites that adds no value to life. Research As indicated in the introductory part above, this paper seeks to research on the effect of digital media through social sites on youths. Today, many digital social sites a re available for consumption by unlimited people around the world, the social sites provides a conduit through which information can flow, people can interact, and learn through one another. It also provides a platform through which new friendship could be made virtually by associating online with those people who are in the far-flung areas (Kiesbye, 2011). Ideally, it makes the world to be a small village through which we can easily get to learn several things that are going on around the world in a snapshot. Given this background, corroborated with the fact that about 900 million people visits the social networking sites every month recording about 7 billion

Friday, November 1, 2019

Chinua Achebe's response to Conrad's Heart of Darkness novel Essay

Chinua Achebe's response to Conrad's Heart of Darkness novel - Essay Example ly doing the same, when he is criticizing the author on being single-tracked, by viewing the theme and presentation of this epic novel through a tunnel-vision. The issue of truth in terms of actual reality is a paradigm that has never really been understood to its fullest since man has learnt to think. This reality can be identified with, and the highest virtue can subsequently be attained by means of taking it in a way that it actually is. Contemplation gives insight, and ultimately self-actualization; this should in turn give way to the actual truth, and nullify any metaphor being used as a faà §ade to a reality. On the same lines, Conrad has presented his version of the life that he saw in Africa. This version had ideas and experiences that were true to his own self, and he did not have a personal vendetta against the locals of the continent. He just found a striking cultural difference between himself and his hosts, and this he represented in the script subsequently. If in the face of conflict, one tends to shy away from the true sense of being, then it can never really come out. Under normal circumstances, it is always simple to portray oneself; however, the true test of character is when there is antagonism, and yet still a person can attain truth by means of beings what he truly is. This adversity was faced by the author in his own experiences. The symbolism and the gravity of events that unfold through the process of the novel, clearly indicate that the author himself is passing through a drastically intense time of his life – disregarding someone on account of race would be the last thing on his mind, where survival itself had become an issue. Furthermore, there is no racism in explaining that a place is underdeveloped and that the people have a more crude way of living. The novel was originally published in 1902, and more than a hundred years on, even in the contemporary scientific and technological times of today, one can safely argue that ‘all’

Wednesday, October 30, 2019

Post Deregulation Act of 1978 Term Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 words

Post Deregulation Act of 1978 - Term Paper Example The US Airlines industry was primarily a highly controlled one, with heavy regulations imposed upon the air fares, air routes as well as the air schedules. Prevalence of such restrictions within the airlines arena had serious implications upon market demand. The Civil Aeronautics Board (CAB) restricted the entry of new players within the industry, depending upon the approval provided by the Department of Transportation (DOT). Prior to deregulation, unless the DOT endorsed any indigenous airlines company as fit and able to commute passengers within the national premises, they could not operate within the domestic territory (Siddiqi, n.d., par. 1). The outcome of creating such a highly constrictive environment of operation had serious drawbacks upon the cost structure of the companies which were active in the business. Though initially, the profit margin earned by the US airlines industry was quite high, viz., 14%, the situation worsened following the restrictions inflicted by the boar d upon the margin. According to the guidelines being implemented, the profits earned upon stockholder’s equity could not be exceeded beyond a certain ceiling, so that the players who were already present in the market could not increase the air fares above a particular point (Kwong, 1988, p. 14). Though, a low air fare was considered as an advantage for the customers who availed the service, the companies suffered from bottlenecks as their avenues for procuring capital was approaching a standstill.

Monday, October 28, 2019

Pre-Industrial European Labour Market Essay Example for Free

Pre-Industrial European Labour Market Essay In this critical review I will compare the two texts by Peter Earle and Elise van Nederveen Meerkerk. The articles are about woman’s work in the 17th and early 18th century respectively about women’s work in the Dutch textile industry and female labour marked in London. The article by Earle (in 1989) is released before Meerkerk’s article (2006) and there are in Meerkerk analysis some pointing to Earle’s article. I will start with a short presentation of each of the two articles, how and from what time data is collected, some of the findings and conclusion. And then what contribution their papers have made to the historical debate about women’s role in the pre-industrial labour market. Both Earle and Meerkerk refer to Alice Clarks pioneer study from 1919 about women’s work in production in pre-industrial time[1] [2]. Earle is more critical to her work than Meerkerk. Peter Earle is the first person after Alice Clark to look deep and critically into how women had it in the labour market in the 17th and 18th century. In his article Earle is saying â€Å"Indeed, it would be fair to say that we know virtually nothing about the female labour force in early modern London except in the most unstructured and superficial way[3]. An important note Earle makes in his introduction is that the arguments that Alice Clark put forward has more or less just became accepted and Peter Earle is the first one to test Alice Clark’s analyze[4]. A main thing Meerkerk and Earle are concentrating on is Clark statement that there where a ‘golden age’ for women in the 17th and 18th century. What becomes clear in Meerkeerk article is that she is influenced by development in economic theory and social theory as well. The way Meerkeerk and Earle do their analyze is different. A major reason for that is that Meerkeerk is a social scientist while Earle is a ‘traditional empiricist historian’. What is easy to see is that Earle look at numbers much more than Meerkerk do, and while Meerkerk also look at numbers, she uses market theories as well such as the split market theory to analyze the findings. Katrina Honeyman and Jordan Goodman used this when they where looking at European women’s work between1500 – 1900[5]. Peter Earle is more or less guided by his sources. He goes thru his sources and construct figures [6] from his sources. He also takes other sources from other historians such as Wrigley and Schofield [7]. And this is what he is basing his conclusion on. Meerkerk on the other hand developed a frame work, she had an idea before she starting on the research. The idea is that of how to analyze her data. Based upon works from many social scientists and historians and their findings, she found that †we must therefore derive a new theoretical framework to explain the working of gender in the pre-industrial labour marked† [8]. On this background she analysed the data. Her work became a supplement to understand the segmentation of the labour market. Meerkerk wanted to know who got the core jobs, who got the peripheral jobs and why men tends to earn more than women even if they are doing the same work. Core jobs are higher paid and productivity while peripheral jobs is lower paid and lower productivity. Peter Earle has data from witnesses and defendants in the time period of approximately 1660 – 1725. Earle have an impressive material from whole London divided by districts, occupations, full-time and part-time, women and men and their age. He also has data from which class the citizens are from, if they are upper class or lower class (low wealth to high wealthy), and also reading skills and illiterate[9]. Earle is self-stating that poor people are under represented because they weren’t literate enough to be called as witnesses[10] Meerkerk’s material not less impressive than Earle’s, is from last quarter of the sixteenth century, first half of seventeenth century and 1810. Other than showing women in the textile industry in Holland, she are showing the percentage of married women who are in work, men and women in different industries, different jobs, heads of family per industrial sector and heads of family in textile industry. She also looks at women and men’s income. Meerkerk also has an analyse of guilds in the textile industry[11]. What is worth mentioning is that Tilburg and Leiden who are the main places in Holland she is looking at was wealthy places economically mainly because of the textile industry. Conclusion: Even though they goes with their work in a different way, they both come up with similar conclusions. None of them believes it was a ‘golden-age’ for women. Meerkerk said women where restricted to peripheral and low paid jobs but it was changeable, depending upon industry and it as is peak when women occasionally gets better paid jobs, but as soon the industry starts to decline women where the first to loose their job. The fine jobs women’s ones had, where then given to men. It’s easy to see there where gender discrimination. As mentioned, Earle has a kind of similar conclusion; He means that women where expected to work at that time to support their family. Women got low-paid and low skilled jobs while men got the higher paid jobs (core jobs). Meerkerk and Earle’s works compliments each other as to real knowledge about women’s situation on the labour marked in pre-industrial times. What Meerkerk’s work gives us more than Clark is supplement to the theories about segmented labour marked and the labour marked segregated by gender, and she are valuable to understand the labour marked in preindustrial time and today’s labour marked as well. Bibliography: Earle, Peter: The female labour market in London in the late seventeenth and early eighteenth century, 1989 Economic History Review, 2nd ser., XLII, 3(1989), pp. 328-353 Meerkerk, Elise Van Nederveen; Segmentation in the Pre-Industrial Labour Market: Women’s Work in the Dutch Textile Industry, 1581 – 1810 page 189 216, 2006 Internationaal Instituut voor Sociale Geschiedenis