Wednesday, January 15, 2020

Family Medical Group Essay

This case mainly tells us several problems of a company named Family Medical Group. Bill Maron is the president of the company. The original company called Family Medical Distribution which was created by the grandfather of Bill’s wife Helen. After her grandfather was dead suddenly in 1968, Bill was persuaded by his father-in-law and purchased this company. At the beginning of the first few years, it was a tough time to Bill. The organizational structure of the company was very simple that he just had eight employees. He spent countless hours on the road talking to the customers and suppliers. Moreover, the surroundings were also rough. All the departments are in a single office including Bill. But all the tough things cannot stop Bill. Due to the tradition that all the staffs treated the company like their family and the efforts Bill had made, the he became to realize measured success. The company expanded into the rest of Ontario and by 1984, the company had become a nationwide distributor. Hundreds of employees are working in the company now. In addition, Bill is pursuing to invent the new product to change the current situation. Though a few years’ effort, he was successful in the development of auxiliary tool of asthmatic bronchitis. This is a big success that the invention called AeroTube was launched in more than 50 countries and another new division was founded under the name Family Medical Manufacturing. However, with the growth of the profit, the scope of the company is growing as well. Thus, some problems are appeared at this time. For the external aspect, the government made the policy to squeezing the profits out of Family Medical Distribution. The cutbacks of government means the hundreds of hospitals across the country have closed and the others have been forced to reduce their number of beds. For the internal aspect, both companies have made some strategies mistakes which resulted in the loss of some key staff to the competition. Thus, Bill encountered with the dilemma and he want to hire some people as the vice president and the director of the HR department to cope with the problems instead of confronting those by himself. There are several problems that Bill should solve. First, the company has to change because of the pressure that the external atmosphere gives. Second, the person that Bill hired may be not the right people for the company and the staffs. Third, some of the experienced staffs are â€Å"lazy†, they intend to retire from the company. The last but not the least, the supervisors make their decision of promoting staff with injustice. Here are the recommendations. Firstly, Bill should hire some experienced engineers who have the real knowledge on this area and can create the innovative inventions to help Bill to gain more profit and remain competitive in the increasingly smaller market. Secondly, Bill should hire the right person to be the supervisors. For example, Nancy is ready to be the director of HR. Nevertheless, we should pay attention to a detail that when she is working, she closed her door and turned off her phone. This is not proper to a HR director. This post should be more responsible to communicate with people as possible as she can. Thirdly, some staffs want to retire from the company and not make their efforts to the company because they are the grand old man in this company. Bill should motivate them and recall their original enthusiasm. The last but not the least, Bill should consider the position of Mark again. He promised to Barb that she would be the new Office Manager before the opening was posted. It is unfair to Laura who is the Senior Administrator. She is very responsible to the company and contributed a lot. When she knew the truth, she submitted the resignation and wanted to leave the company. Bill should to hire another person who is impartial and optimize the organizational structure.

Tuesday, January 7, 2020

Unit 7- Play and Learning in Childrens Education Essays

Unit 7 – Play and learning in children’s education Diploma in Child Care and Education Cache Level 3 E4 Include examples of different theoretical models of how children play and learn E5 Include an explanation of how observations can inform planning to meet childrens learning needs D2 Include an explanation of the key issues in recording assessments C1 Analyse the importance of planning and providing learning opportunities to meet childrens diverse needs E6 Include TWO (2) examples of information from agencies outside the setting which may contribute to the assessment of learning needs E7 Include TWO (2) plans for curriculum activities which show different approaches to planning learning opportunities D1 Provide evidence of how†¦show more content†¦As children grow they add more detail into their play. The next step is the ‘zone of proximal development’ which means the difference between problem solving a child can do independently and problem solving which the child is capable of doing with support. This defines how mature the child is and what level of development they are at. This help suggest a appropriate target for that individual. Each child has there zone of actual development this is the level they are already at but they all have a target to get them to the zone of proximal development. To reach the target that child need lots of help and not steps which are to big as this could knock there confidence. Another stage Vygotsky has is ‘the importance of play’ he believed that play provides essential skills to improve their social, personal, and professional activates. This means that children can play and do things beyond what they can do in real life- such as play mums and dads, pretend to drive a car. Though play they talk to each other and pretend they are in a different world with only their friends. Play is another way they can reach the zone of proximal development. Reconstruction is another stage which means child experience the same situation again and again as they grow up. Each time they have this experience they can deal with it at a higher level. This meansShow MoreRelated Education for citizenship is important because every society needs1545 Words   |  7 PagesEducation for citizenship is important because every society needs people to contribute effectively, in a variety of ways, to the future health and wellbeing of communities and the environment, locally, nationally and globally. Rationale for citizenship Education for citizenship is important because every society needs people to contribute effectively, in a variety of ways, to the future health and wellbeing of communities and the environment, locally, nationally and globally. FosteringRead MoreUnit 25 Ccld1039 Words   |  5 PagesUnit 25: Modern Beliefs and Religions for The Early Years Practitioner Scheme of Work ------------------------------------------------- Duration of Units: Unit 25:60 Guided Learning Hours/5 Credits ------------------------------------------------- Number of Sessions per week: 2 ------------------------------------------------- Duration of Sessions: 55 minutes per session ------------------------------------------------- General Unit Objectives: ------------------------------------------------- Read MoreQualities Of An Effective Early Childcare Professional1058 Words   |  5 PagesPhilosophy of Education Flexibility, creativity, and patience are the essential qualities of an effective early childcare professional. These characteristics develop teaching and learning because children do not always follow directions and learn new task quickly, therefore a teacher must patiently repeat and reinforce directions and behavioral guidelines. As an early childhood teacher, patience will be something I will use to adapt to any situation that I encounter in the field. Consequently,Read MoreParents and Education Essay1172 Words   |  5 PagesParents and Education I am writing primarily to parents who have children in elementary school and high school, but teachers, librarians, and other members of school staff ought to listen as well. My position is that both parents should be closely involved in the school life of all their children. Education is a very important part of all societies and cultures. The education system plays a key role in the early lives of all citizens of the United States of America. The nature and extentRead MoreThis Past Week Was My Second Week In My Final Rotation1644 Words   |  7 PagesThis past week was my second week in my final rotation at Norton Women’s and Children’s Hospital! At women s and children s, child life covers every unit, including the adult units. I will be completing three 12 hour shifts each week for the next 5 weeks. During my final rotation, I will be focusing on the following modules from the ACLP internship modules: assessment, patient family centered care, palliative end of life care, administration, and professional development. These module activities Read MoreTaking a Look at ThinkersBox1370 Words   |  5 Pages2010, ThinkersBox was formally established and they moved to a center of their own. Till now, ThinkersBox conducts personalized cognitive training classes for children aged 5 to 12 years old during the weekends while working with other Montessori education centers and primary schools during the weekdays. The weekend classes are more targeted at parents of children who are more well-to-do financially as the classes can be considered quite costly. The weekday classes on the other hand are less intensiveRead MoreCache Level 3 Award, Level 3 Certificate and Level 3 Diploma in Child Care and Education15197 Words   |  61 PagesMANDATORY/OPTIONAL UNITS CACHE Level 3 Award, Level 3 Certificate and Level 3 Diploma in Child Care and Education  © CACHE 2008 Except as allowed by law, or where specified in the text, no part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without prior permission from the Council for Awards in Childrens Care and Education. Published in Great Britain by CACHE Second edition 2008 Third edition 2008 Book Code 500/888/7/V1 Book Code 500/888/7/V3 Publication dateRead MoreIntroduction to Early Childhood Education928 Words   |  4 PagesAs a parent choosing an early childhood education service can be a daunting process. There are many types to choose from, many methods and philosophies to be aware of, and a range of quality indicators to consider. This paper will identify three indicators in childcare centres that helped with my decision and relate to my personal values and beliefs associated with early childhood education. The first indicator is an effective and relevant curriculum and how it is applied into the policyRead MoreField Study 57964 Words   |  32 Pages 10 Schedules 11 Copy of Basic EducationinUBD Curriculum 12 Interview on Grade 7 Teachers 13 My Own Curriculum â€Å"Realistic Educational Curriculum† 18 Reflection on Observation 28 Articles about Field Study 4 Teaching Resources: Exploring the Curriculum 29 Lets Play! Using Play-Based Curriculum to Support Childrens Learning Throughout 30 Domains Exploring Teacher’s Experiences in Implementation of Curriculum in China 38 CurriculumRead MoreIntroduction. Teaching Math And Science Were Important1358 Words   |  6 PagesIntroduction Teaching math and science were important for students in elementary grades. Learning mathematics and science requires hands-on activities, observation, critical thinking and analysis of the content. Mathematics and science are interrelated (Charlesworth, and Lind, 2010). The processing skills in math are required to problem solve in science (Charlesworth and Lind, 2010). As per the text by Charlesworth and Lind, (2010) the science skills such as creating a hypothesis, observing, recording

Monday, December 30, 2019

Family Case Study - 960 Words

Family Case Study: â€Å"Couples Retreat† Introduction â€Å"Couples Retreat† is a movie about four couples who take a trip to an island resort on a package deal proposed by one of the couples who plans to fix their marriage. The couples then realize that they too must participate in couple’s exercises such as therapy and communication building. This case study will focus on Ronnie and Dave, a couple with two kids and seem content on the outside. The tasks on the island bring out problems in Ronnie and Dave’s relationship that both of them have been ignoring. For example: Dave comes home from a long day at work and Ronnie asks him questions about their home renovations and he refuses to answer because he is too tired, leaving Ronnie to deal with†¦show more content†¦Ronnie can’t seem to give him a clear message of what she wants and when he freaks out about the shark attack, she is bitter and shows no respect for his fear. She is confused about her feelings and talks to her friend, Cynthia, about th em when she should be talking to Dave. Once the movie climaxes, Dave and Ronnie both realize at a party that they don’t want anyone else and that they are happy with being married. When they escape to the waterfall their level of communication changes to very good when they discuss how they have stopped paying attention to each other and figure out how they can change that. They then call their children and promise to start spending more time together as a family and having more fun with each other. Conclusion All in all, this couple represents the average American family with kids and small problems that can be fixed if all members of the family are willing. It took one retreat for them to realize that they should be happy with each other instead of just getting by and I think that is a lesson that everyone should learn. Family is about love, happiness, and support; if one of those is out of whack, the family could fall apart if the issues aren’tShow MoreRelatedFamily Case Study968 Words   |  4 PagesCW asked Ms. Clark if he could speak with Joshua. Ms. Clark went to get Joshua out of his room. CW Showell asked Joshua what being safe meant to him and to give him an example of safe behaviors. CW Showell then explained what his role was and a Case worker. CW asked Josh what has been going on with Christian and his Mother, Ms. Clark. Joshua stated that Christian can become pushy when it comes to his phone. He stated that Ms. Clark has a rule that all electronics get turned off at 9:00pm andRead MoreFamily Case Study1730 Words   |  7 Pagesthe classic nuclear family. That, however, was where convention ended. The daughter was a divorced mother of two who worked part-time and did not live with her parents. The son had shunned university and was a struggling musician, living and working hundreds of kilometres south in Tokyo. And he was dating a non-Japanese. It was the early 1990s, the economic explosion that had powered the world’s then second-largest economy through the 1980s was over, and the nature of the family was very much in fluxRead MoreFamily Case Study905 Words   |  4 PagesCW asked Ms. Clark if he could speak with Joshua. Ms. Clark went to get Joshua out of his room. CW Showell asked Joshua what â€Å"being safe† meant to him and to give him an example of safe behaviors. CW Showell then explained what his role was and a Case worker. CW asked Josh what has been going on with Christian and his Mother, Ms. Clark. Joshua stated that Christian can become pushy when it comes to his phone. He stated that Ms. Clark has a rule that all electronics get turned off at 9:00pm andRead MoreThe Family Store Case Study1614 Words   |  7 PagesThe Family Store Case Study The Family Store is a chain of 10 regional convenience stores owned and managed by three brothers, Garrett, George, and Gavin VanDoer. They have been in business for over 25 years together. The entire senior executive, management team, and even store managers are all family members. The senior executive includes Garrett, the president and major shareholder, Garrett’s daughter Marielle is senior vice president of finance and Gavin’s son Frankie is senior vice presidentRead MoreCase Study Of The Winchester Family997 Words   |  4 PagesCase Study Description The Winchester family, John (44), Mary (43), Dean (17), and Sam (15), have come to therapy to seek help for various issues. John and Mary are on the verge of divorce; Dean is skipping school, fighting, and shoplifting, and Sam has withdrawn completely from the family. The family was ordered to attend therapy after the Military Police (MPs) responded to a call from neighbors after an especially loud verbal altercation between John and Dean, in which John threatened to physicallyRead MoreFamilies And Intervention : Case Studies Essay1860 Words   |  8 PagesFamilies and intervention: Case studies As the Workgroup on Principles and Practices in Natural Environments (2008b) supported, â€Å"a flexible, family-centered, individualized, and evidence-based early intervention process† is essential for the support of parents and caregivers to enhance their children’s development (Raver Childress, 2015, p.10). In this paper, taking into consideration these principles, I will analyze two case studies; Alice, a 19 month old girl with a diagnosis of Down SyndromeRead MoreEssay about Sample Research Proposal on Teenage Pregnancy1172 Words   |  5 PagesThere will be association between teenage pregnancy and academic progression places evidence that education should put weight on reality adhering to teenage pregnancy. Understanding teenage pregnancy within UK context is adamant to the purpose of study. Thus, the expectation that teenage pregnancy will be reduced by proper academic programs, school based prevention ways towards teenage pregnancy. The need to find out basi s if such teenage pregnancy has positive effect on academic progression, meaningRead MoreIntegrity Principle By Defrauding The Insurance Company1103 Words   |  5 PagesSmith Jr â€Å"Honesty and dishonesty and the willingness to make decisions, think critically and contextually matters when dealing with the moral life of providers, help seekers and the recipients of care† (Sampson and Smith, 2014) Now, consider this case study as it relates to the APA Principle D: Justice. At a meeting of therapists, we were on a break when Randy, a fellow Psychologist, revealed that he had been asked to do an MMPI and also a Wechsler Intelligence scale for a client. Though not trainedRead MoreHow The Biological, Psychological, Environmental, And Family Factors Have Impacted The Subject s Life1429 Words   |  6 PagesIntroduction Throughout this case study, a nineteen-year-old individual will be analyzed. She is currently a full-time student studying Social Work and Criminal Justice, has an on-campus job, and is a Guardian Ad Litem volunteer. She maintains a healthy balance of academic work, job duties, and relationships with her boyfriend, forever family, and friends. The purpose of this case study is to demonstrate and analyze how the biological, psychological, environmental, and family factors have made an impressionRead MoreExperiencing Urbanization Via Life Story Method1734 Words   |  7 Pagesand urban spaces encounter during the time course of urbanization of their surroundings. Using the case studies performed on the Tao family and on Wei Chin’s, one can conclude that rapid large scale shifts influence and alter the quality of life of an urbanizing city’s peripheral and central populations. Loyalka’s fifth chapter The Landless Landlords introduces Wang Tao, a former farmer, and his family. The Tao’s used to farm for a living and relied on their farmland for their profit. They were used

Saturday, December 21, 2019

The Marketing Of Marketing Mix Essay - 1145 Words

It show 7ps of marketing mix . †¢ Product - The Product ought to fit the undertaking purchasers need it for, it ought to work and it ought to be what the buyers are hoping to get. †¢Place – The item ought to be accessible from where your objective shopper thinks that its most effortless to shop. This might be High Street, Mail Order or the more present alternative through e-business or an online shop. †¢Price – The Product ought to dependably be seen as speaking to great quality for cash. This doesn t as a matter of course mean it ought to be the least expensive accessible; one of the principle precepts of the advertising idea is that clients are generally glad to pay somewhat more to something that works truly well for them. †¢Promotion – Advertising, PR, Sales Promotion, Personal Selling and, in later times, Social Media are all key specialized instruments for an association. These instruments ought to be utilized to put over the association s message to the right groups of onlookers in the way they might most want to listen, whether it be educational or speaking to their feelings. †¢People – All organiz ations are dependent on the general population who run them from cutting edge Sales staff to the Managing Director. Having the right individuals is fundamental since they are as much a piece of your business offering as the items/administrations you are putting forth. †¢Processes –The conveyance of your administration is generally finished with theShow MoreRelatedThe Marketing Of Marketing Mix1340 Words   |  6 Pages The Promotional mix is one of the P’s of 4P’s in marketing mix. Promotional mix consists of A ) Personal Selling In Personal selling communication is happening on one to one with seller and customer. It is considered to be one of the most expensive form of promotion . The seller uses their appearance and product knowledge to sell the product. Examples of Personal selling - Personal Meetings , telemarketing etc. customer. Personal selling is belongs to advertising and sales promotionRead MoreMarketing Mix - 4Ps of Marketing Mix1219 Words   |  5 PagesMarketing mix can be describes as the use and specification of the 4 Ps describing the strategic position of a product in the marketplace†¦ A prominent person to take centre stage was E. Jerome McCarthy in 1960; he proposed a four-P classification which was popularized. ( The marketing mix approach to marketing is a model of creating and implementing market strategies. The marketing mix stresses the mixing of different factors in a way that both organizational and consumer or targetRead MoreMarketing Mix Of Marketing And Marketing1001 Words   |  5 PagesIn The cutting edge world of marketing dated back in the late 1950s, the four Ps were called the marketing mix, meaning that a marketing plan is a mix of four components. A company who has adopted 4P approach focuses on product, whereas company who has adopted the value approach f ocuses on value to the consumer. One of other marketing mix is the Value approach. This approach concentrates on delivering value to the consumers or customers, the 4Ps approach is evidently concentrated not on customersRead MoreThe Marketing Mix Of Marketing946 Words   |  4 PagesMarketing is essentially the act of creating, communicating, delivering, and exchanging offerings that have value for customers, clients, partners, and society at large. There are many important components of marketing, including the marketing mix. Generally, the marketing mix refers to the 4 P’s, product, price, place and promotion. Place is also referred to distribution, which is what will be discussed in the subsequent sections. Alternative strategies relating to distribution will be presentedRead MoreMarketing Mix1544 Words   |  7 Pagesterm marketing mix was first used in the late 1940s by Neil H. Borden (NetMBA, 2007). The original marketing mix introduced by Borden consisted of product, planning, pricing, branding, di stribution channels, personal selling, advertising, promotions, packaging, display, servicing, physical handling, and fact finding and analysis. Later E. Jerome McCarthy grouped the parts into the four P’s of marketing known as product, place, price and promotion (NetMBA, 2007). â€Å"A typical marketing mix includesRead MoreMarketing Mix1280 Words   |  6 PagesAbstract In this paper I will define what a good marketing mix requires and describe how a company uses this process to market their product. I have chosen Anytime Fitness as my company to do my paper on. Anytime Fitness is a unique style of fitness club that is in a very competitive market place. Their marketing mix focuses on all of the four Ps to attract customers. They locate small neighborhood clubs close to where people live and work. They are a no frills workout center that offers weightsRead MoreMarketing Mix1606 Words   |  7 PagesMarketing Mix Paper Marketing mix might be considered the most important term in marketing. The marketing mix components are basic foundation of a marketing plan. The marketing mix consists of the four P s which are price, place, product, and promotion. By using the marketing mix you can vary the offers of services that you give to your customers. For instance when you are a big name brand corporation you might focus more on promoting and desensitize the focus on price. According to the marketingRead MoreThe Marketing Mix753 Words   |  3 PagesThe marketing mix is an essential component of every marketing strategy. The marketing mix is comprised of four distinct parts that include product, placement, pricing, and promotion. Regardless of what is going to be marketed, it is fundamental that a marketer know their product inside and out before any of the other three parts of the marketing mix can be utilized. The four Ps, as the four parts of the marketing mix are often referred as, can be used to demonstrate how Amazons Kindle Fire hasRead MoreMarketing Mix1968 Words   |  8 PagesMarketing Mix P-BSBMX4-MKT-421 Robert Deer January 28, 2006 Abstract A Marketing Mix is a combination of product, packaging, price, channels of distribution, advertising, promotion, and personal selling to get the product in the hands of the customer. Throughout this paper we will be discussing the 4 P s of Marketing and provide examples of Marketing Mix. (Kyle, Bobette). Marketing Mix The Marketing Mix is based on the fact that price is not the only factor that decides whetherRead MoreMarketing Mix1491 Words   |  6 PagesMarketing Mix MKT 421 Marketing Introduction Companies today try their best to continue to keep up with the changes of services, products and technology. Companies rely on their abilities in marketing to keep consumers interested in their products and services. The success of a company may rely on the company’s marketing performance. Marketing planning starts by thinking of the targeted audience needs, strategies, and the development of the products and or service needed. Developing

Friday, December 13, 2019

Heart of Darkness Reflection Free Essays

As stated by Professor Rosenthal, characters are not people, and they are apart of an author’s bag of tricks to make a point. I believe the author of Heart of Darkness, Joseph Conrad, used that character Kurtz as a symbol to represent savagery. Savagery can be defined as an uncontrolled, fierce and hostile individual. We will write a custom essay sample on Heart of Darkness Reflection or any similar topic only for you Order Now I believe there is a certain degree of darkness/savagery that lies within every being, but it does not always emerge, and if so can prevail to the point of ultimate destruction, that is Mr. Kurtz. We come to know and form our opinions about him by reading the story chapter-by-chapter, narrated by the character, Marlow. To fully understand Kurtz’ representation it’s crucial to first know what the author’s symbolic intentions were when creating the character, and analyze how the narrator’s attitude towards Kurtz changes throughout the story. I believe Conrad created Kurtz to make a point to the readers that he is a representation of savagery. Its one thing to just read the word, knowing what it means, or to just say something is savage without a meaningful justification. Reading Heart of Darkness really gives a great depiction of what savagery really is. Conrad used Kurtz to trail us as readers along, unraveling all the mysteries that Kurtz portrays. Not only do I think Conrad connected Kurtz with savagery but with corruption, exploitation, and hypocrisy as well. Towards the end of the book, one is really able to grasp the connection between savagery and Kurtz in many ways, but it wasn’t until the journey continued throughout the story do we realize that. The narrator, Marlow is always open-minded about Kurtz at first, and then he sees the events going on and eventually sees how savage his character really is. In the beginning of his journey, Marlow hears nothing but good things about Kurtz. He envies him, he thinks he is this extraordinary man that he strives to be like and would hope to be able to finally meet one day. Then, as time goes on, he reaches camp and things unfold. Once he reaches Kurtz, he sees all the decapitated heads, and the natives following Kurtz like he is some sort of God like figure. The law and order that Marlow thought existed in the tribe was no longer there. At this time in the book, we realize the ignificance of what his aunt told him before he left for this journey. Marlow meets with her, and she talked about â€Å"weaning those ignorant millions from their horrid ways† (10). I definitely think is an example of foreshadowing that we one could have noticed early on in the book. She knew that inhuman beings are inside that jungle, the major one being Kurtz. As stated earlier, we initially think Kurtz is this poetic, refined, artistic man†¦ all attribu tes, I feel, that are similar to imperialistic ones, comparable to a leader or dictator of some sort. He is charismatic and convincing (hence all of the natives succeeding him). In a way, his character is comparable to that of the Victorian Era. Conrad wrote this book during that period, so it’s easy to say that was a great inspiration for him. Many themes of the Victorian Era were exploitation, corruption, hypocrisy and more†¦ many qualities I see in the Congo from Marlow’s description. In that Era, there was economic and industrial progress, and like any society, thoughts of self-deception, loneliness and isolation were paramount†¦there was corruption, prostitution and more. Kurtz was an example of man testing extreme situations. It’s important for one to have a sense of place, and it’s hard not to be pessimistic when in a situation like one that Kurtz was in. When one is in this place of bedlam, one chooses to make something of it and either survive, or fail; it becomes a matter of life or death. Kurtz took the roll of a dictator in this environment and although he did it through savage, corrupt like ways, he had no choice. Initially reading, I thought Kurtz went from this prestige figure, to this crazy absurd man and had no idea why he was such a superior tyrant in the Congo, but after really thinking about the circumstances I realized†¦ desperate times call for desperate measures; Kurtz did what he had to do and became something that he had no power to stop from thriving. After completing the book, I believe Kurtz is loosing his mind while being in the Congo, being away from civilization. The longer Kurtz is in that kind of chaos, the more he loses his sanity. It’s not good for anyone to be in a situation where all structure is lost. One thing we don’t know from reading The Heart of Darkness, is whether or not Kurtz has always been like this or if its been hidden and Africa is to blame for the out bringing of this Hyde like character. As readers, we are not aware of the ways that Kurtz lived by. We know he has a woman in his life, but do we know the kind of relationship he upholds with her, or anyone else by that means? Kurtz is a mystery that we try and piece together. Reading this made me think a lot of about real life, relative to everyday people. Does everyone have an alter ego, and are some more refined than others at keeping it in? I feel that everyone has his or her own place of darkness. At some point in life, everyone goes through an abstruse phase, Kurtz’ being in the Congo. If I was stranded in an unknown place with no friends or family, completely on my own, I don’t know how I would make it. Kurtz is in that same situation; he made it work, and although he has become this savage like character, its how he’s surviving in the Congo. This is the point where Conrad is doing a great job at making the readers really think about how Mr. Kurtz should be portrayed. This leads us to Kurtz’ final quote before he passes, â€Å"The horror, the horror† (64). Before Kurtz let out his last words, Marlow asks himself, â€Å"Did he live his life again in every details of desire, temptation, and surrender during that supreme moment of complete knowledge? † (64). I feel as though Conrad never spe cifies the true meaning of Kurtz’ final words for its up to us as the interpreters to really think about what it means. Marlow gives some sort of guidance as what direction to think about, but I don’t really know if I could pin point the true significance. Going back to whether or not the Congo made Kurtz turn into the man he was or not is still the question. Did he belt his closing utterance because he thought of the horror that was going on around him, or was it who he has become after being in such a horrific place for so long? I truly love the fact that Conrad really makes use of this character in every way possible to get us to think of Kurtz, and I think that’s what made him such an outstanding writer. He’s able to embody what savagery represents by having these thoughts cross our minds as we read throughout this book. How to cite Heart of Darkness Reflection, Papers

Thursday, December 5, 2019

School Psychology as a Career free essay sample

School Psychology Career paper Psychology 250 My subject of attention is school psychology and career choice is school psychology. I have researched this topic and found lots of valuable information to discuss. I will cover all aspects of this career including a definition of what it involves on a day to day basis, why I have chosen this career as my subject of interest, common personality characteristics and values that go along well with this job. I will also talk about the minimum requirements and educational path that must be followed for this career choice along with advancement opportunities.Lastly, I will discuss the leading companies in this area, local perspectives, and present outlooks and salaries that can be expected here and in other U. S. geographical areas. School psychologists work with public and private schools. They directly assess and counsel students at these schools. School psychologists have consultations with school staff and parents while also conducting behavioral interventions when needed. We will write a custom essay sample on School Psychology as a Career or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page According to Landrum and Davis (2009) â€Å"they help people within the educational system maintain the intellectual, social, and emotional development of children at the school† ( p. 5). They also help create optimal learning environments and atmospheres that foster positive mental health. I find this field intriguing because working in a school with children, parents, teachers, and other school personnel seems very interesting to me. I like the idea of working with various groups of people compared to just with one specific group. School psychologists can obtain jobs working with early childhood, elementary schools, and secondary schools. The overall goal is to work with all of the groups mentioned above to create a school that is healthy and safe. Students deserve to have a supportive learning environment. If students have learning and/or behavioral problems the school psychologist will address these issues while making helpful suggestions to teachers and parents. This can include parenting techniques used and classroom management strategies. The psychologist will do an evaluation of students who are both disabled and gifted and talented. Providing alternative, helpful ways to educate these students is always the goal to aim for. Educational institutions employ psychologists that teach, counsel, test, research, and take part in administration.By understanding the psychology of learning environments, school psychologists improve socialization, teaching, and learning strategies. Academic programs are evaluated for their effectiveness by psychologists. Other areas that are looked at by these professionals are prevention programs and behavior management procedures that schools may implement on a day to day basis It helps a lot if people going into the field of school psychology possess certain personality characteristics and values.Some of these include heightened sensitivity to the environment of diversity that they live in, ability to self-reflect and adjust their own behavior so that is appropriate, basic empathetic and caring attitudes, wanting to increase human dignity and human welfare, and participating as a team-player among many while following ethics and laws related to career. They must also be emotionally stable, mature, compassionate, patient, possess great communication skills and perseverance, able to inspire and lead others, and work both independently and with teams.Next, I will talk about the educational requirements for entry into the fiel d of school psychology and salary possibilities with advancement options. A master’s or doctoral degree are necessary for most psychologists. There are a few states that only requilre a master’s degree in Psychology to fulfill the school psychology requirements. The doctoral degree for school psychology includes a year internship as part of the program. Most states however, require a specialist degree or its equivalent for a person to work as a school psychologist. A specialist degree (Ed. S. in school psychology requires a minimum of three years of full-time graduate study which equals at least sixty graduate semester hours and a full-time one year internship. Coursework along this path demands both education and psychology due to the nature of the work. There are mental health components and educational aspects. The masters degree in psychology requires at least two years of full-time graduate study and usually includes practical experience in an applied setting and a thesis based on personal research that is original. Getting accepted into graduate programs for psychology can be full of competition.School psychologists must meet credential and licensing requirements for individual states. These vary state by state. The licensing varies by type of position and is based on professional competence through training and experience. Some states require continuing education for renewal of licenses. According to Landrum and Davis (2009) â€Å"right now twenty-nine states recognize the National Association of School Psychologists (NASP) designation on a national level† (p. 73). Credentials transfer from state to state in this case and new credential exams do not have to be taken when moving from one of these states to another.Requirements for the NCSP include completion of sixty graduate semester hours in school psychology, a twelve hundred hour internship (six hundred hours in school setting), and a passing score on the National School Psychology exam. Psychologists can improve their opportunities of advancement by earning advanced degrees and by participating in continuing education (Jacob, Susan. , 2003). The average annual salary in school psychology in 2006 was $59,440. The middle fifty percent earned from $45,300 to $77,750. The lowest ten percent earned less than $35,280 and the highest ten percent earned more than $102,730.The median annual earnings in the industries employing the highest number of school psychologists was $61,290 (Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2008-2009). Leading companies in the area that employ school psychologists are obviously schools in the area, both private and public. I will focus on the Minneapolis Public school district locally. The local perspective on this career is one of increased opportunities for employment by sixteen percent in the next ten years (Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2008-2009). This is a very positive outlook and will allow practice to increase.These school psychologists working in the Minneapolis public school district will spend their time doing many different things. Pre-referral interventions, consultations and evaluations, dealing with behavioral issues and early intervention, assessment through direct and indirect methods, and using the Minneapolis Problem-Solving Model (Christenson, Sandra L. , 1994). Psychologists focus on school staff, parents, and others concerning student, classroom, and school-wide needs is essential to this area and its needs.Providing individual and group intervention services includes social skills training and crisis intervention and response. Providing training to staff and parents is important. There are various state and federal laws that need to be followed as well when dealing with the public school system (Christenson, Sandra L. , 1994). Job prospects in school psychology in the U. S. are very good. The Department of Labor cites employment opportunities in the field among the best across all fields of psychology.This includes both the specialist and doctoral levels. Apparently, seventy-four percent of school psychologists are female with an average age of forty-six (Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2008-2009). Since school psychologists are experts in both psychology and education this can be challenging as a career. Application of knowledge about human development, psychopathology, impact of culture, learning theory, principles of effective instruction and effective schools, and impact of parent and family functioning on children to serve families and learners.The school psychologist must follow the scientist-practitioner framework and does make decisions based on research that is empirical (Christenson, Sandra L. , 1994). It is important to note that not all school psychologist are employed by schools. This was a surprise to me personally. I thought all of them worked in schools. Many practice in other places such as clinics, hospitals, forensic settings, correctional facilities, universities, and also independents practice. This includes those with doctoral degrees in the field which opens a lot of doors career-wise.

Thursday, November 28, 2019

Changing the Structure of the Class Grading System

It is important to have a grading system because there must be a way to assess the performance of the students. It is a problematic issue because the students do not really understand how it works. On the other hand the teachers are pressured to provide a way to accurately assess learning outcomes.Advertising We will write a custom report sample on Changing the Structure of the Class Grading System specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In addition teachers are faced with the daunting task of giving students a failing grade if they deserve it. At the same time teachers are discouraged to give failing grades because it is a reflection that nothing was done to help the students achieve better results. Thus, it is mutually beneficial for students and teachers to use an improved grading system. It is important to alter the current system in place in order to use one that is more efficient and conducive to learning. An efficient grading syst em is one that effectively communicates to students, colleagues and institutions the extent of the learning outcome. At the same time it must be a transparent system. Students must have a fair understanding of how it works. Students must have a clear idea of the grade that they will receive. In the current system, students feel that they are graded using subjective methods. In this way students have a clear guide as to how to improve their performance. In the absence of an effective and efficient grading system, students are not encouraged to strive harder. Criteria Before going any further it is important to point out that the new grading system must help evaluate student’s mastery of the course material. In other words it is not a grading system developed to test students from a different school. It is not a system developed to evaluate learning outcomes of a grade school student. The said grading system must be focused on the materials covered in this semester. The new gra ding system must not only assess the learning outcome but it must also encourage the student to strive harder. This is made possible through an effective way to communicate strengths and weaknesses. Students must be given an effective feedback mechanism that is built into the said grading system. Thus, it is imperative that teachers should not only give grades that can be interpreted in different ways. There must be a system in place that enables the teachers to pinpoint problematic areas and communicate this information to the student.Advertising Looking for report on education? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More An ideal grading system must encourage active learning that would lead to personal growth. In other words an effective and efficient grading system must be seen as an incentive tool. It is a system that drives students to move forward. It is a tool that points them ahead to a clear goal. It is a system that provides spe cific rewards for specific actions. Based on this particular criterion alone there is a great need to revamp the way teachers view their role within a particular grading system. A teacher must not only assess the performance of his students because he must also act as a coach to his students. It is easy to develop a grading system that addresses the needs outlined above, but there is one more challenge that has to be overcome before teachers are able to upgrade the current grading system, in order to turn it into something that is effective and efficient. The new grading system must demonstrate that it can realistically conform and adhere to the limitations imposed on the teachers. Change the Core In the current grading system, the teacher provides a wealth of information regarding a particular topic. The information are gathered from different sources and presented using different methods. For example information can come from a biography of a particular famous individual. The teac her aims to teach the students a particular character trait that is the reason why the person is successful. In other occasions the teacher uses a video of a lecture. In the said video an expert talks about a particular subject matter. Another way to deliver content is to instruct students to read a particular essay in order to learn more about a particular topic. After a few days of studying, the teacher creates a simple test to determine the information retained by the students. A straightforward test regarding the information contained in books, videos, and lectures are contained in the said exam. Naturally, the students that fail to answer a minimum amount of questions failed the test. The students who were able to answer a majority of the question either receive a passing mark or accumulated points that would allow them to receive a high score at the end of the semester. The problem with the conventional method is that the teachers are unable to find out the reason why students fail. They can only determine that some of the students have the capacity to absorb the material presented in class. But they also are unaware of the entire process and therefore fail to replicate the same results with students that perform poorly.Advertising We will write a custom report sample on Changing the Structure of the Class Grading System specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More At the same time they are unable to communicate to the students that there are certain areas that they have to improve on. The different types of information given to them are mashed together as one, and therefore, it is difficult to correctly assess how this information was internalized by the students. In order to satisfy the criteria given earlier, it is not only enough to make minor changes, it is time to transform traditional grading systems and change it from the inside out. Teachers must change not only the grading system but also on how they de velop the exams. In this regard it is time to move beyond the mere regurgitation of content and instead focus on developing class-room based performance assessments. It is important to begin with limitations. The new grading system may look good on paper but may prove to be useless because of numerous constraints. Thus, classroom-based performance assessments must be limited on three different types of tasks. The first one is the writing process; the second one is the speaking process; and the third one is the activity process. These are expounded in the following statements. The writing process is similar to writing an essay but it must be guided by a rubric focusing on the ability of the student to explain a process, event, and insights gleaned from reading a particular article or watching a video. The rubric informs the students what is expected of them. For example, the rubric demands that the student provides a clear explanation of a process or develop an argument that will con vince readers to accept the solution that they have provided for a particular problem. In this way, a classroom-based performance assessment encourages students to use what they have learned. They are not expected to merely repeat the information to their teachers like automatons, but as members of a community that are able to develop solutions to problems. The second type is the speaking process that will strengthen the public speaking skills of the students. In the same way, a rubric must be developed to guide students on expected outcomes. Students must explain a particular process or provide an explanation that will convince listeners to adopt a particular solution. Teachers must be careful not to merely focus on the feasibility of the solution but to give more attention to the strength of the argument. It will also help determine if the student was able to merge together the information gleaned from the study of the course materials and link it to the problems encountered in a real-world setting.Advertising Looking for report on education? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The third type is the activity process. In this type of classroom-based learning assessment, students are given the ability to go beyond the writing and speaking process. In this type of assessment students are given the opportunity to develop a more creative way of presenting ideas and solutions to problems. Students can use props and materials that can be manipulated in class in order to prove a point. They can also develop a project that is tied to the local community. This is a time-bound project and governed by a rubric designed by the teacher. The rubric can specifically dictate the limitations of the said project while at the same time provide guidelines on what is considered as an acceptable activity based on the materials covered in class. It must be made clear that the rubric is the key component of the classroom-based performance assessment. Thus, the students are given clear directives on what must be done in order to satisfy the performance assessment criteria. At the s ame time the students are well-aware of what is expected of them. The teacher is not only expected to give them a grade, but feedbacks as well. Resistance to Change The most important hurdle to the proposed change in the grading system is the notion that students must be rewarded based on their effort and their performance. This erroneous mindset is a stumbling block because students must realize that a reward is based on performance alone. This new grading system eliminates the need to consider effort aside from tangible results. But students and teachers alike may resist change because it has become a part of the learning tradition to reward effort and performance at the same time. The second major resistance to change can come from the teachers. They can easily point to the limitations of time and other resources. At first glance it is indeed time consuming because teachers are required to provide feedback for every student. In the traditional grading system, teachers are merely required to declare the result of the exam and nothing more. The third resistance can also come from the teachers. In the new grading system they are required to overhaul their existing lesson plans. Their current lesson plans are filled with quizzes and exams that simply assess the ability of the students to memorize disjointed information. It is hard work for them because they may have to start from scratch. Thus, a new grading system can be very difficult for old teachers to accept. On the other hand it may be easier for new teachers to easily adapt to changes imposed by learning institutions. The fourth resistance can come from both teachers and students because of the difficulty in developing and understanding the rubric for each type of assessment process. The teachers may find it extremely difficult to develop a rubric on their own without the help of an expert. On the other hand, students may object to the fact that a rubric can be viewed as vague standards that can be inter preted in different ways. Overcoming Resistance The four levels of resistance outlined above can be overcome provided that the teacher and the students are willing to improve their performance. In the case of the issue regarding effort versus performance, students and teachers alike must realize that the real world does not reward striving but tangible results. This may seem harsh to young minds, but college students must have the maturity to understand the realities of the outside world. It does not benefit these students if the learning institutions shelter them from the harsh realities of life. Nevertheless, there is a better way to make them realize that it is better to develop habits that require them to focus on end-results as opposed to mere activities alone. Furthermore, teachers and students can be swayed to adopt the new system, if they will realize that a well-developed rubric can provide correct guidelines on the things that must be done to affect change in their perform ance. The rubric tells them that there is an expected outcome and this outcome is not impossible to achieve because it is based on the materials covered in class. Nevertheless, they have to learn the skill needed to accomplish the criteria contained in the said rubric. Teachers may complain about the lack of resources and the limitations imposed by time. This can be overcome because quizzes and other long exams are eliminated from the teaching process. They are no longer required to spend time developing exams that cannot provide a clear assessment of the skills needed by the students to succeed in a real world setting. However, the teachers must limit the number of activities and projects that are required for this particular semester. Teachers may resist change based on the need to overhaul their current lesson plans. But they must realize that the old method is ineffective and inefficient. They must realize that a teacher’s duty is not merely to find a practical way to dev elop exams but for his students to learn the skills necessary to succeed beyond the four walls of a classroom. A more practical approach is to introduce the new grading system to new teachers and not to those who are already veterans in the teaching profession and near retirement age. The most difficult challenge to overcome is the skill to develop an appropriate rubric for each type of classroom-based performance assessment activity. It must be pointed out that the ability to speak, write and engage in a group activity requires different types of skills. For example, there are students who are confident with their writing skills but are terrified with the prospect of speaking in front of the class. There are also those who have the ability to organize an event or talk to different people with ease but may not have the patience to sit down and write an essay. There is also the concern that teachers may complain of their inability to develop a rubric from scratch and may require the help of an expert. These problems can be easily overcome wit a concerted effort by teachers and school officials. They can come up with a standard rubric that will help the students understand the requirements for a specific performance assessment tool. For example in the â€Å"writing process† the rubric does not only cover the need to write with the use of correct grammar but also the need to develop students’ writing skills. Teachers are made aware of the fact that with a rubric, they are no longer pressured to give a grade based on subjective assessments. The use of the rubric gives them a guide as to what they need to look for in order to assess the capability of the students. Finally, students must be made aware that a classroom-based performance assessment may require a major shift in their thinking but it is more exciting compared to exams and quizzes. In this new grading system the students are able to satisfy the criteria provided earlier. They have a new sys tem that encourages them to strive harder because of an effective and inefficient feedback mechanism incorporate into the said protocol. They will know their strengths and their weaknesses. But most importantly they can make a connection with the skills and information learned in the classroom and the issues in the real world. This new grading system forces the students and the teachers to focus on performance and not mere effort alone. This mindset must be instilled in the hearts of all the students because it is an important component to success in life. Students are rewarded not by their ability to cram information into their heads but the capacity to access this information in the creation of solutions. It is an exhilarating and satisfying experience that hastens the transition from adolescence to adulthood. It gives them the confidence to face the challenges of living. Conclusion In the aftermath of an activity that attempted to revise an existing grading system, the students p rovided feedback based on their point of view. Thus, it was not surprising for them to point out the struggle between effort and performance. Most of the students would like to be rewarded based on their efforts and the outcome of their actions. In the real world this is not the case. They also said that it may be difficult for students and teachers to adjust to a new system. The solution to these challenges is to simply convince them that a new grading system is more effective and efficient. In the end it is not their high test scores that guarantee success in life, but their ability to perform well, based on certain expectations. Success is also based on their ability to solve problems. The new grading system enables them to develop these two important skills. However, it is important to deal with the challenges of establishing a new grading system. 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