Sunday, May 17, 2020
The Da Vinci Code by Dan Brown is a fast-paced thriller where the main characters have to decipher clues in artwork, architecture, and riddles to get to the bottom of a murder and save themselves. As a thriller, it is an O.K. pick, but not as good as Browns Angels and Demons. The main characters discuss unsubstantiated religious ideas as if they are facts (and Browns Fact page implies that they are). This may offend or annoy some readers. Pros Fast pacedInteresting riddlesUnique idea for suspense novel Cons Predictable outcome if you have read other Brown booksUnbelievable storyMisleading Fact pageCharacters propose unsubstantiated religious theories that will be offensive to some Description Robert Langdon, a Harvard symbologist, gets caught up in a murder investigation in the LouvreSecret societies, family secrets, clues hidden in artwork, and a Church conspiracyA suspense novel that is easy to read, if not believable The Da Vinci Code by Dan Brown:Book Review I read The Da Vinci Code by Dan Brown years after its initial release, so my reaction is probably different than those who discovered it before the hype. To them, perhaps, the ideas were novel and the story exciting. For me, however, the story was so similar to Browns Angels and Demons that I found it predictable and was able to guess some of the twists early on. As a thriller, it definitely kept me reading at points, but I never got as lost in the story as I would have liked. I would only rate the mystery as O.K. and the ending as somewhat disappointing. The Da Vinci Code is a thriller, and should be taken as such; however, the premise of the story undermines the tenets of Christianity, thus the novel has stirred up a lot of controversies and spawned several nonfiction works debunking the theories discussed by characters. Does Dan Brown have an agenda other than entertainment? I dont know. He certainly set the stage for controversy with the Fact page at the beginning of the novel, which implies that the ideas discussed in the novel are true. (Brown has since backed off the implications of the Fact page on his official website. There are also several points where the tone of the novel is sort of condescending in the presentation of its religious and supposedly feminist ideas. For me, the controversial ideas just came across as annoying in light of the mediocre story.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Ã¢â¬Å"There is an increasing concern about what some politicians have described as the breakdown of family life and they have suggested that the only way to fix a broken society is to place more emphasis on marriage and a return to traditional values.Ã¢â¬ Examine what are commonly believed to be traditional values . How far, and for what reasons, do you agree that we are currently witnessing the breakdown of traditional family life in Britain? Traditional values simply means coming from tradition rather than any specific philosopher, moralist or writer. Since the 1970 s, traditional values have become synonymous with family values and imply a congruence with mainstream Christianity, and have been inÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The Archbishop of York used this argument in a piece in the Guardian when referring to the complementary nature of men and women . However, if this is the case, it is therefore unfair for heterosexual couples to marry if either is infertile as they cannot pro-create either. Arguments based on the traditional family life will always be insulting to homosexuals as there is no proof they are not capable of being able to raise children and be good parents regardless of their gender. According to the Office of National Statistics, more people are living alone, are being raised by single parents, and an increasing amount of grown up children are still living with their parents than in previous years. The nuclear family has been described by one expert as a museum piece , emphasising the fact that it is a part of history now. Figures showed that 30 percent of women under 30 had given birth by the age of 25, while 24 percent had married, showing having children is more of a first major milestone to adult life than getting married. These statistics in comparison to 1971 show an extreme difference: three quarters of women were married by 25, and half had given birth. The statistics also showed that the number of adults living alone doubled in generation, from 6 percent to 12 percent due to divorce, death or marrying at a later age. In reference to the above statement, the nature of family has changed significantly in the past 30 years so the government are correctS how MoreRelatedThe Effects Of Violence On Young Adults1575 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesdisorganized, disintegrating family lives. This often leads to aggression and opposition toward others outside the family. Young adults in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society are in a constant struggle with the simplest issues in life. This is due to the childÃ¢â¬â¢s inability to have a strong parental attachment to one or both of their parents early on in his or her life; furthermore researchers have linked this to violence in young adults. Issues in TodayÃ¢â¬â¢s society The breakdown of the family ensures that these young adultsRead MoreSetting And Attachment Theory Of A Family966 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAND ATTACHMENT THEORY A. John Bowlby. C.Main and Solomon B. Mary Ainsworth II.SECTIONS ON TRANSITIONS A.Moving to School B.Starting and Moving Through Day Care C.Birth of a Sibling D.Step Families/ Adoption or Foster Care E.Moving Home F.Living Outside of the Home G.Family Breakdown H.Loss of Significant People I.Moving Between Settngs or Carers I.There are a number of Significant theories of ATTACHMENT that we should be aware of when considering children s overall development.ATTACHMENTRead MoreReflection Of Persepolis1165 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesSatrapiÃ¢â¬â¢s graphic autobiographyÃ PersepolisÃ concentrates on her life during and after the Islamic Revolution as well as her journey to self-identification. Additionally, SatrapiÃ¢â¬â¢s life perfectly captures the painful experiences many Iranians went through living under an authoritarian regime. However, her experiences also highlight the social and psychological hardships many immigrants continue to face. So, highlighted specifically in Satrapis life were two different experiences during the downfall of theRead MoreEssay On Broken Family758 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages1.3. Broken Family/Marital Breakdown/Family Breakup: A Broken Family consists of a biological family that has separated for specific reasons that may result in single parent families, step families or blended families. Concept of Broken Family: Marriage is a system of binding a man and woman together for the reproduction, care (physical/emotional), and socialization of offspring. Marriage is a social and legal contract between a couple and the state in which they reside that regulates their economicRead MoreEssay on Family Unity And Moral Values1210 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Family Unity and Moral Values nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;The increase in the number of divorces and the decrease in the number of marriages does not reflect a breakdown of the family unit in the United States and the decay of moral values. quot;I dont think divorce is as big of problem as politicians make it out to be. Yes, many couples get divorced, but their children can still have stability and grow up to be good people.quot; (Price) The breakdown of the family unit in the United StatesRead MoreThe Myth of the Nervous Breakdown Essay1021 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages The nervous breakdown, a mysterious affliction that has been a staple of American life for more than a century has been wiped out by the combined forces of psychology and pharmacology. The question remains however, why do people keep breaking down? The term nervous breakdown is inexact. Nervous breakdowns are no longer thought to be conditions of the nerves, but of the mind. It seems psychology, over the years, has separated the term nervous breakdown into more definite categories. TodayRead MoreSummary Of August Wilsons Fence1095 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe significance of play Ã¢â¬Å"FenceÃ¢â¬ by August WilsonÃ¢â¬â¢s start from the setting part partially he was trying to show the structure of troy family. Ã¢â¬Å"The yard is a small dirt yard, partially fenced, except for the last scene, with a wooden sawhorse, a pile of lumber, and other fence-building equipment set off to the side. Opposite is a tree from which hangs a ball made of rags. A baseball bat leans against the tree. Two oil drums serve as garbage receptacles and sit near the house at right to complete theRead MoreSpirituality Is The Fundamental Element Within The Formation Of Indigenous Identity1301 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesbeen severely damaged. Since 2009, Deadly Choices have effectively empowered Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people to make healthy choices for themselves and the ir families. Deadly choices offers an effective path to help Indigenous people reconnect to their land, culture and beliefs through the identification of the breakdown of spirituality and thus, providing a variety of educational programs about health and leadership to support in the recovery of their lives. Furthermore, the employmentRead MoreMarital Breakdown and Divorce Essay1094 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Marital Breakdown and Divorce Over the last 40 years, sociological research has provided statistics suggesting a significant increase in the number of marriages ending in divorce. In this essay I aim to justify this increase and explain why statistics may give a misleading picture. The way I have decided to structure this essay is firstly to look at a brief history of the laws governing divorce over the last century, then to discuss the statistics and finally to concludeRead MoreWhat are the consequences of the breakdown of the traditional family for American society?1236 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesthe consequences of the breakdown of the traditional family for American society? Definition of family: The Western world regards the family as consisting of two or more people who consider themselves related by blood, marriage, or adoption; also known as a nuclear family. The extended family includes grandparents, aunts, cousins, etc. The changing family: At one time families worked together on farms, family trade, etc. They worked as a family to provide for the family. Parents instilled in their
A Reflection of Five Weeks of the Co-operative Nursing Experience Rebecca Tutt, RN University of Texas at Arlington In partial fulfillment of the requirements of N3300 Specialized Topics in Nursing (Co-Op) Beth Mancini, RN, Ph. D. March 7, 2013 Online RN to BSN Introduction The co-operative nursing assignment has given me the opportunity to use my critical thinking, decision-making, leadership, and clinical nursing expertise learned throughout the RN-BSN program. The fostering of critical thinking as one of the terminal learning goals of nursing education based on the idea that critical thinking is important not only in the nursing workplace, but also in nursing educationÃ¢â¬ (Shin, Jung, Shin amp; Kim, 2006, p. 233). My critical thinking skills have been enhanced throughout the program due to class assignments and the use of professional nursing journals. Critical thinking was used to set the three goals that will be reviewed in this paper, from data-gathering skills to decision- making skills. Leadership and communication skills are essential for my role as nursing supervisor in an ambulatory primary care clinic. The RN-BSN program leadership and management class has been valuable in my growth as a leader. Nurses in management roles Ã¢â¬Å"must be skilled communicators and relationship builders, have knowledge of the health care environment, exhibit leadership skills, display professionalism, and demonstrate core leadership competencies (Sullivan, 2012). I used these leadership skills while completing my team dynamics goal that will be reviewed in this paper. Throughout the last five weeks of the co-operative nursing experience, I have seen my skills, behaviors, and attitude change. Prior to starting the three projects for this class, I was still lacking confidence at times when coaching members of my nursing team. I became timid and listless, which became obvious since it was not my normal behavior. All three of these characteristics have improved while working on both the professionalism and team dynamics goals. In coaching a medical office assistant last week for not meeting the expectations of her job, I kept a professional attitude and remained confident. The medical office assistant corrected the issue immediately and has continued to meet the expectations of her job since the coaching session. Evidence Based Practice The evidence based practice goal that I set was to identify one patient education topic in my primary care clinic that needed improvement. I planned to monitor incoming patient telephone calls and survey the patients after visit summaries for two weeks to identify the topic. I was able to quickly identify my topic as patient education regarding an accurate medication list and understanding the completion of medication reconciliation at each office visit. In the outpatient setting, safe medication management presents a greater challengeÃ¢â¬ (Leonhardt, Bonin, amp; Pagel, 2007, p. 8). While speaking with patients on the phone, I found that we were not doing a good job of educating them about the importance of an accurate medication list. A significant number of patients were taking over- the-counter and herbal medicati on that could have interacted with some of their prescriptions, but they were not on the current medication list in the electronic medical record [EMR]. These conversations reinforced that additional patient education was needed. I collaborated with staff; researched patient education of medication list, and read peer reviewed nursing journal articles to compile an appropriate resource guide for the nursing staff to use as an educational tool with our patients. A key strategy recommended by national and international patient safety experts is to engage patients in the medication process through a collaborative relationship with their providers (Leonhardt, Bonin, amp; Pagel, 2007). I collaborated with the Clinical Staff Assistant [CSA] supervisor to start engaging the patients about the medication from check-in through their office visit. To do this, we implemented giving the patient a copy of the current medication list we had on file and asking the patient to review and make corrections to the list as needed. When patients are brought back for rooming, the nurse or medical office assistant will review the printed list with the patient prior to documenting in the EMR. During the office visit, we will review polypharmacy and are adding a document to our resources section of the EMR egarding polypharmacy and accurate medication list that will be given to all patients. I have always been aware of the importance of accurate medication list, but was not reviewing this often enough in our patients EMR. As a result of this project, I have made an audit tool for myself as nursing supervisor to complete every two weeks. I will check the EMR to make sure the medication list was reviewed accurately and I will check to make sure the patient education tool added to the resources is being given to all patients. Improvements in patient safety in the clinic setting require physicians, nurses, and administrators to commit to identifying structural and process changes that make it easier to provide consistently safer careÃ¢â¬ (Schauberger, amp; Larson, 2006, p. 421). Professionalism The professionalism goal that I set was to develop a preceptorship program for my clinic that would provide socialization, team support, and clearly defined expectations of professional behavior and performance for new nursing staff. To achieve this goal, my plan was to seek guidance from the American Academy of Ambulatory Care Nursing [AAACN] and the clinical nurse educator assigned to the clinic through the administration. I also used nursing journals for reference and research of nursing preceptorship programs. Ã¢â¬Å"The importance of nurse preceptors in helping to educate new nurses cannot be overemphasized as they mentor new nurses and help them to visualize the range of roles they will perform in a variety of clinical settingsÃ¢â¬ (Paterniti, 2006). The preceptorship program was a large task to tackle. I started by meeting with LaBecca Doyle, RN, BSN, MA, clinical nurse educator. She was insightful and gave me tips on how to research preceptor programs. At that point, I started researching program styles and looked to see if any of the clinics in our building had a program that could be modified to fit my clinic. I then began looking at the current staff to see who had the right skill set to be a preceptor in the ambulatory setting. After selecting three nurses, one from each POD, I set up a meeting to collaborate on this project. I brought all of the articles and outlines regarding preceptor programs to the table. The collaboration with the nursing staff was contributory to achieving the goal of implementing a preceptorship program within our clinic. We all agreed on making a binder with an outline of the program, which would include the description of the preceptorÃ¢â¬â¢s role, position relations, role responsibilities, an orientation agreement between the preceptor and the orientee, an agreement between the preceptor and the nursing supervisor, and instructions to the preceptor. I began working diligently on the project and was able to complete the binder prior to a new nurse starting on May 7, 2013. As a result of pursing this goal, my leadership skills, collaboration skills, communications, and relationship skills have been enhanced. The support by the preceptorÃ¢â¬â¢s colleagues and the nurse-manager are imperative to meeting the organizations expectations to prepare the new nurse to function independently (Paterniti, 2006). Additional changes to my role after the implementation of this program will be to meet weekly, when we have new hires, with preceptors and new nursing staff. The preceptor will remain with the new nurse for four weeks, but Ã¢â¬Å"time, environment and expertiseÃ¢â¬ (Modic amp; Schloesser, 2006) will also play a factor in the orientation time. A nurturing environment is essential for optimal growthÃ¢â¬ (Modic amp; Schloesser, 2006), so making sure each nurse is given to best scenario to success will be my job as the nursing supervisor. All of this will allow me to build important relationships with the staff as well as to review the program and see if changes are needed. Team Dynamics The team dynamics goal that I set was to identify the nursing role of team empowerment and the relationships between team members, team environment, and job satisfaction within POD 3 of my clinic. I planned to achieve this goal by observation, interaction, and a survey to empower the team members with clear and jointly developed goals. I wanted to make sure there was an appropriate mix of skills and expertise within the team, and reward team performance appropriately. In completing the observation phase of my goal, I was able to look at the POD 3 team, as I had not done before. I not only observed their nursing and medical office assistant skills, I also looked at their interaction with each other. During this time, I was able to see that communication was not always accurate. When providers came out of patients rooms and directed the wrong nurse to complete a task, they became frustrated because they had their own provider to support. This experience, even though trying, was still contributory to my end goal. To have a team that is truly working together, we had to have the physicians on board as well. My initial thought was to only look at nursing; I realized I needed to look at the physicians as well. I went back to my original goal and decided to add the physicians in the mix of team dynamics. I plan to collaborate with the nursing staff to see what they think will help resolve this problem. Ã¢â¬Å"When nurses are able to contribute to practice decision-making, including policy development and equipment selection, they are likely to have a stronger connection to their work setting, thus promoting retentionÃ¢â¬ (Friese, amp; Himes-Ferris, 2013, p. 153). I have also planned a lunch for the end of May with all of the nursing and provider staff from POD 3 to collaborate on how we can communicate better as a team. In assessing job satisfaction of the nursing staff in POD 3, I made a survey to be completed anonymously and placed it in a sealed box. I read many nursing articles regarding job satisfaction and based the survey from those articles. The results were overwhelmingly positive with great comments about their peers and provider. One nurse stated, Ã¢â¬Å"This is the best team I have worked with in a long time and it makes me look forward to coming to work each dayÃ¢â¬ (C. P, personal communication, May 3, 2013). Although the majority of the survey results were positive there did seem to be a problem with the location of nursing staff to providers. I looked at the seating assignments and feel like a few adjustments can be made. I also believe that this change may help with the problem of the provider seeking out the wrong nurse to assist him. As a result of pursuing this goal, I have enhanced my observations skills as well as my leadership skills. After the first observation of POD 3, I realized that I too walked around with blinders on. I was solely focused on if the nursing staff was completing the tasks they were assigned, and if they were using the EMR correctly. By stepping back and observing, I learned that this team is empowered by each other. Their skills sets are complimentary of each other allowing them to assist each other in various ways without having to seek out additional help from other PODÃ¢â¬â¢s. The lead nurse in this POD is interactive with all of the team members and appears to communicate effectively with everyone. I think pursing this goal has increased my knowledge as a team leader and I have built better relationships with all of the nursing team. Conclusion and Impact on Practice I found that reflective journaling of each day made me stop and look at how I was performing as a nursing leader. I gained insight and confidence from journaling because it let me see my accomplishments for each day and it allowed me to see that I was leading by example. It also showed my continued growth in professionalism, which was seen on many occasions while interacting with staff on all levels. At first, writing goals to achieve in a five week period made me nervous. I have continuously incorporated healthier time management skills using CoveyÃ¢â¬â¢s Model, which I learned about in Professional Nursing Aamp;B. I have been successful at managing my time, but I had no idea where I would find time to complete the three goals. By using this model and other time management skills, I was able to complete the three goals and maintain my daily nursing supervisor tasks without a lot of extra stress. This increased my confidence as a nurse and a leader. I believe the experience gained from setting goals of evidenced based care, professionalism, and team dynamics has helped expand my organizational skills as well as my nursing knowledge. My philosophy of nursing has only been enhanced from all of the RN-BSN program classes. I believe the core of nursing is the actual care and caring for the patient. In my opinion, patient-centered care allows nurses to give the highest quality care. Patients want nurses who are engaging them to be involved in their own care as well as being caring, compassionate, trustworthy, and advocates for them. Ã¢â¬Å"The nurse strives to provide patients with opportunities to participate in planning care, assures that patients find the plan acceptable and supports the implementation of the planÃ¢â¬ (American Nurses Association [ANA], n. d). While searching for my patient education topic for this paper, I found many of our clinic patients wanted to be more engaged in their care. They wanted to understand the importance of possible interactions of over- the-counter medications with prescription medications as well as why they should tell their healthcare team when they are adding and deleting medications from their daily regimen. Each step in the co-operative nursing experience as well as all of the other RN-BSN classes has influenced my nursing practice in a positive manner. My effective listening skills were enhanced while speaking with patients and members of my nursing team. I have gained a better foundation and understanding of evidenced-based practice through the research articles, which has reinforced my philosophy of quality care for the patient. I have become a better leader for my nursing team by being more knowledgeable of professionalism in nursing. I enhanced my knowledge of team building skill and activities through the successful completion of my team dynamics goal. Over the last five weeks, I have grown as a nurse and a person, which will allow me to continue to be an effective nursing supervisor as well as a competent individual contributor to nursing. References American Nurses Association. 2010). Code of ethics for nurses with interpretive statements. Retrieved from http://nursingworld. org/MainMenuCategories/EthicsStandards/ CodeofEthicsforNurses/Code-of-Ethics. pdf Friese, PhD, RN, AOCN, FAAN, C. R. , amp; Himes-Ferris, MPH, L. (2013). Nursing practice environments and job outcomes in ambulatory oncology settings. THE JOURNAL OF NURSING ADMINISTRATION,Ã 43(3), 149-154. Retrieved from http://deepblue. lib. umich. edu/bitstream/handle/2027. 42/96543/Nursing practice environments and job outcomes in ambulatory oncology settings. pdf? sequence=1 Leonhardt, MD, MPH, K. , Bonin, RHIA, CPHQ, D. , amp; Pagel, RN, BSN, P. 2007). How to create an accurate medication list in the outpatient setting through a patient-centered approach. Retrieved from http://patientsafety. org/file_depot/0-10000000/20000-30000/24986/folder/65244/medtoolkit. pdf Modic, M. B. , amp; Schloesser, M. (2006). Preceptorship. journal for nurses in Staff Development,Ã 22(1), 39-40. Paterniti, T. (2006). The successful nurse preceptor. Pulse,May, 25-29. Retrieved from http://www. hypnosisdfw. com/PULSE0506. pdf Schauberger, M. D. , M. S. , C. W. , amp; Larson, R. N. , M. S. , P. (2006). Implementing patient safety practices in small ambulatory care settings. Joint Commission Journal
Tuesday, April 21, 2020
Wilhelm Essay 1) what are your impressions of Wilhelm?My first impression with Wilhelm is that he is a very true friend, because Werther rather had a correspondence with him instead of his mother. In fact, he never addresses his mother directly, instead speaking to her through Wilhelm found in page 23, last paragraph or the 2nd paragraph) Ã¢â¬Å"Please tell my mother that I am doing my best to straighten out her affairs and will give her news of them as soon as I canÃ¢â¬ .2) although he doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t speak for himself in Werther, he is a constant presence simple in being addressed. what is Wilhelm like?Wilhelm and Werther are best friends as written in Werthers letter on May 4th stating Ã¢â¬Å"Dear friend, how strange is the human heart! I love you, we were inseparable Ã¢â¬â yet I can leave you and be contentÃ¢â¬ (as seen in page 23, 1st paragraph ).Ã Wilhelm is like WertherÃ¢â¬â¢s living pen pal. Ã With this, Wilhelm becomes a very important role in the novel since he is being upd ated of whatÃ¢â¬â¢s happening with Werther and even let his mother and relatives know his condition while he was away. WilhelmÃ¢â¬â¢s character is a sober and sensible fellow. He takes note of what Werther wrote to him about his love for a woman, Ã¢â¬Å"What is the world to our hearts without love, dear Wilhelm?Ã¢â¬ (pg. 54, first paragraph)3) who else in the novel is like him `Wilhelm` ?Albert, the fiancÃ © of Charlotte is like Wilhelm in the novel. He is also a sober, and a responsible man-Ã¢â¬Å"Watch out that you donÃ¢â¬â¢t fall in love with her?Ã¢â¬ I wanted to know. Ã¢â¬Å"Because she is engaged, Ã¢â¬Å" my partner explained, Ã¢â¬Å" to a very worthy man who is away just now on business. His father died and he has to attend the settlement of a quite considerable state. (pg. 35)Paragraph 4. Albert is also a sensible like Wilhelm. Having an interaction with someone who really needs your companion, Wilhelm shows in the novel that he is indeed a sensible man.
Monday, March 16, 2020
The Roman civilization began with the republic in 509 BCE. It grew to be a large empire by the rime or itÃ¢â¬â¢s fall in 476 CE. When Rome began it was helped to develop because it had many untapped resources, such as dense forests, rich, black soil, and large veins of rich minerals under the ground. Document number three shows that Rome was located in present day Europe. Europe is bordered by the North Sea, the Baltic Sea, the Atlantic Ocean, the Mediterranean Sea, the Adriatic Sea, and the Black Sea. The seas that surrounded the land made it ideal for trade. Even though the land was rich in resources and a good place for trade, it eventually fell in 476 CE. There are many different reasons that are used to explain the fall of Rome, powered by both internal and external forces. In the early 400s, there were many attacks on Rome, mainly from the Visigoths. This weakened Rome to a great extent. Rome had been used to being the most powerful area, and they had captured many other parts of the the world. They really did not realize, until it was too late, that they could be captured themselves. This is stated in document number one. In response to a growing need for protection, a new system called feudalism developed. Feudalism was a loosely organized system of rule in which powerful lords divided their large landholdings among the lesser lords. Feudalism helped to strengthen the weakened Rome somewhat, but not completely. An internal cause for the fall of Rome lay in their values. Document number seven states, Ã¢â¬Å"...there is a growing lack of justice in judgments, skill in trades, discipline in daily life.Ã¢â¬ This means that people were loosing sight of what they were meant to do. Their morals were slipping down steadily, and basically, everything was going downhill. Document number two shows why they were able to keep the Roman empire alive for so many years because they maintained the civil and military services. They were able to ... Free Essays on The Fall Of Rome Free Essays on The Fall Of Rome The Roman civilization began with the republic in 509 BCE. It grew to be a large empire by the rime or itÃ¢â¬â¢s fall in 476 CE. When Rome began it was helped to develop because it had many untapped resources, such as dense forests, rich, black soil, and large veins of rich minerals under the ground. Document number three shows that Rome was located in present day Europe. Europe is bordered by the North Sea, the Baltic Sea, the Atlantic Ocean, the Mediterranean Sea, the Adriatic Sea, and the Black Sea. The seas that surrounded the land made it ideal for trade. Even though the land was rich in resources and a good place for trade, it eventually fell in 476 CE. There are many different reasons that are used to explain the fall of Rome, powered by both internal and external forces. In the early 400s, there were many attacks on Rome, mainly from the Visigoths. This weakened Rome to a great extent. Rome had been used to being the most powerful area, and they had captured many other parts of the the world. They really did not realize, until it was too late, that they could be captured themselves. This is stated in document number one. In response to a growing need for protection, a new system called feudalism developed. Feudalism was a loosely organized system of rule in which powerful lords divided their large landholdings among the lesser lords. Feudalism helped to strengthen the weakened Rome somewhat, but not completely. An internal cause for the fall of Rome lay in their values. Document number seven states, Ã¢â¬Å"...there is a growing lack of justice in judgments, skill in trades, discipline in daily life.Ã¢â¬ This means that people were loosing sight of what they were meant to do. Their morals were slipping down steadily, and basically, everything was going downhill. Document number two shows why they were able to keep the Roman empire alive for so many years because they maintained the civil and military services. They were able to ... Free Essays on The Fall Of Rome The fall of Rome The fall of Rome wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t something that happened over night. The whole process lasted hundreds of years. Also, all of Rome did not disintegrate. Only the western half of Rome fell; for the eastern half was wealthier and less afflicted by barbarians and civil wars. There is no single reason for RomeÃ¢â¬â¢s decline. However, it can more or less be broken down into three parts. The Germanic tribes were responsible for a lot of the pressure on Romans at the time. The sporadic barbarian attacks left border regions destroyed and depopulated. In order to defend themselves they needed a stronger army so higher taxes and labor services were forced upon citizens causing middle and lower class people to hate the government because it had taken so much from them. Also during this time Peoples spiritual sense began to diminish. Their feeling of individuality and power of intellect became less and less. The urban upper class where the people who basically made the society work began losing interest in public life. The aristocrats hid inside the walls of their estates and did not lift a finger to help the situation. The townspeople were very angry and acted on this by avoiding public services and rarely putting up resistance against barbarian invaders. Many farmers viewed the Germans as liberators. The masses of the roman citizenry eventually gave up even though they outnumbered the barbarians. The roman government itself contributed to the spiritual malaise through its increasingly autocratic tendencies, which culminated in the regimented rule of Diocletian and Constantine. For many, the state had become the enemy, and its administration was hated and feared more than the Germans. In the late Roman Empire the quality of Roman soldiers and the legions failed to defend the borders. The army consisted predominately of ...
Friday, February 28, 2020
Evolution of strategy - Coursework Example 36). It also involves the creation of a plan that details the actions, which need to be undertaken in order to achieve the organizations goals. The plan will act as the road map that outlines the actions of the organization, which must be undertaken for its objectives to be met. Planning is therefore an important function in management as it seeks to ensure that the organizations goals and objectives are implemented. This function is not restricted to the management of organizations only, as it also proves beneficial in the management of different aspects of an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s life. Explored below are concepts linked to management in relation to my pursuit of my academic diploma. Planning as a function necessitates the identification of detailed objectives. Goal setting is a complex process, and requires the individual or organization to set SMART objectives. SMART goals are specific in nature, measurable, realistic, and attainable within a specific timeframe. The latter is of importance in my pursuit of the Management diploma, as it helps me distinguish between short and long-term goals. For example, successfully completing this semesterÃ¢â¬â¢s coursework is my short-term goal, which will in turn help me accomplish my long-term goal; graduating with my diploma. Planning enables me to structure my reading schedule based on the immediacy of my goals. John Locke the seventieth century philosopher was of the opinion that those who have been charged with the responsibility of managing are bound by a Ã¢â¬Å"social contractÃ¢â¬ since the many have given up rights and privileges in order to let them lead (Yolton, 1998, pp. 191-7). The same concept applies in management planning where management decisions when Ã¢â¬Ëin developing systems for your people (employees) to use you are touching livesÃ¢â¬ (Belke & McCormick, 2012, p. 225). Based on LockeÃ¢â¬â¢s supposition, I am accountable for managing my
Wednesday, February 12, 2020
Marketing Communications - Assignment Example Audi AG is a German manufacturer of automobiles, involved in designing, engineering and distributing of the same. Since 1966, the brand is majorly owned by Volkswagen Group, who has re-launched the brand through Audi F103 edition. Bayerische Motoren Werke AG, famous by the name of BMW, is a German motorcycle and automobile manufacturing company, which was founded in 1916.Both the brands, Audi and BMW, are hugely successful worldwide. They have loyal consumer base and immense brand equity. Both these companies are well-known for upgraded technology and innovation. These are the brands that feature in the upscale mid-size car segment. Presently, with these two products, they are fiercely competing in the automobile market in the USA. Audi A4Ã¢â¬â¢s turbo-charged four cylinder engine generates huge power to the car. The front wheel drive models are provided with a continuously variable transmission (CVT). Whereas, the models with all wheel drive gets either an eight speed automatic transmission or a six speed manual. Drivers opined that with the precise and nicely-weighted steering system and powerful brakes, this car is favored by most. It has brilliant interior, balanced handling and also scores high in fuel economy (US News, 2014a). BMW 320i is equipped with turbo-charged four cylinder engine as well. This car equals in the mileage obtained with Audi 4, which is 24-36 mpg. 320i has a spacious interior with more cargo carriage space than Audi A4. 320i has impressive handling and acceleration (US News, 2014).The car is fuel efficient. It is through balance in operation that Audi A4 can compete with BMW 320i. The output of both the cars in terms of torque and power of the engine has been almost similar. Both the cars are considered to be luxury vehicles and purchased by consumers as status symbol products in the market. Through the range of power within each car is different, but it is noted that power steering facilities,